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Sunday, 07 August 2011 07:09

Halogenated Saturated Hydrocarbons: Physical & Chemical Properties

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Chemical Name
CAS-Number

Colour/Form

Boiling Point (°C)

Melting Point (°C)

Molecular Weight

Solubility in Water

Relative Density (water=1)

Relative Vapour Density (air=1)

Vapour Pressure/ (Kpa)

Inflam.
Limits

Flash Point (°C)

Auto Ignition Point (°C)

1-BROMOBUTANE
109-65-9

colourless liquid; pale straw-colored liquid

101.3

-112

137.03

insol

@ 25 ° C/4 ° C

4.72

65 DEG F oc

265

1-BROMO-2-CHLOROETHANE
107-04-0

colourless liquid

107

-16.7

143.4

@ 30 ° C

@ 20 ° C/4 ° C

4.94

@ 82.7 ° C

BROMOFORM
75-25-2

heavy liquid; hexagonal scales; colourless to yellow liquid

149.1

8.0

252.73

sl sol

2.8899

8.7

0.7

CARBON TETRABROMIDE
558-13-4

monoclinic tablets from diluted alcohol; colourless crystals

189.5

90

331.63

insol

2.9609

11.4

@ 96 °C

CARBON TETRACHLORIDE
56-23-5

colourless, clear, heavy liquid

76.5

-23

153.8

insol

1.5940

5.32

12.2

CHLOROBROMOME­THANE
74-97-5

clear colourless liquid; pale yellow liquid

68

-88

129.38

insol

1.9344

4.5

15.8

1-CHLORO-3-BROMO­PROPANE
109-70-6

colourless liquid

143.3

-58.9

157.44

insol

1.5969

1-CHLOROBUTANE
109-69-3

colourless liquid

78.6

-123.1

92.56

insol

0.8862

3.2

80.1 mm Hg

1.8 ll
10.1 ul

-9 cc

460

2-CHLORO-2-METHYLPROPANE
507-20-0

50.9

-26

92.56

sl sol

0.8420

CHLOROFORM
67-66-3

clear, colourless liquid

61.5

-64

119.39

sl sol

1.4832

4.12

21.2

1,2-DIBROMO-3-­CHLOROPROPANE
96-12-8

colourless liquid when pure

196

5

236.36

0.1 g/100 ml

@ 14 °C

8.2

0.1

77

DIBROMOETHANE
74-95-3

clear, colourless liquid

97

-52.5

173.83

sl sol

2.4970

6.05

5

1,1-DICHLOROETHANE
75-34-3

oily liquid; colourless liquid

57

-98

98.97

sl sol

1.175

3.44

24

5.6 ll
11.4 ul

-6 cc

458

1,1-DICHLORO-PRO­PANE
78-99-9

liquid

88.1

112.98

insol

1.1321

3.90

3.4 ll
14.5 ul

21 cc

1,2-DICHLOROPRO­PANE
78-87-5

colourless liquid

96.4

-100.4

112.99

0.26% by wt at 20 °C

1.159 at 25 °C/25 °C

3.9

50 mm Hg at 25 °C

3.4% ll
14.5% ul

21 oc

557

1,3-DICHLOROPROPANE
142-28-9

colourless liquid

120.4

-99.5

112.99

0.3 g/100 ml

1.1876

3.90

18 torr

3.4 ll
14.5 ul

21 cc

ETHYL BROMIDE
74-96-4

colourless, liquid

38.2

-119

108.98

sl sol

1.4612

3.76

@ 25 °C

6.8 ll
8.0 ul

-20 cc

511

ETHYL CHLORIDE
75-00-3

colourless liquid

12.3

-138.7

64.5

sl sol

0.8978

2.22

133.3

3.8 ll
15.4 ul

-50 cc

510

ETHYL IODIDE
75-03-6

liquid

72

-108

155.97

sl sol

1.9358

5.4

@ 25 °C

ETHYLENE DIBROMIDE
106-93-4

colourless, heavy liquid

131-132

9.8

187.88

0.34 g/100 ml at 20 °C; *0.404 g/100 g 20 °C.;

2.172 g/ml

6.5

11 mm Hg at 20 °C

ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE
107-06-2

clear, colourless, oily liquid

@ 20 °C

1.2351 AT 20 °C

3.42

6.2% ll
16% ul

13 °C cc
18 °C oc

413

HEPTACHLOR
76-44-8

white; white to light tan waxy solid

135-145

95.5

373.35

insol

1.65

@ 25 °C

HEXACHLOROCYCLO­HEXANE
608-73-1

white or yellowish powder or flakes; brown-to-white amorphous powder

65

290.80

insol

1.87

1.85

4.2 Pa

a-HEXACHLOROCY­CLOHEXANE
319-84-6

crystalline powder

288

156-161

insol

1.87

3 Pa

b-HEXACHLOROCY­CLOHEXANE -
319-85-7

crystalline powder

@ 0.50

312

290.83

insol

@ 19 °C

0.7 Pa

d-HEXACHLOROCY­CLOHEXANE
319-86-8

plates

141-2

290.83

HEXACHLOROETHANE
67-72-1

rhombic crystals from alcohol and ether; colourless crystals; crystalline powder; colourless solid; crystal structure: rhombic up to 46 °C; triclinic 46-71 °C

187

187

236.74

insol

2.091

8.16

53 Pa

IODOFORM
75-47-8

yellow powder or crystals; small, greenish yellow or lustrous crystals or powder; yellow hexagonal prisms or needles from acetone

218

119

393.7

insol

@ 25 °C

13.6

ISOBUTYL CHLORIDE
513-36-0

68.5

-130.3

92.56

0.8810

2-CHLOROPROPANE
75-29-6

colourless liquid

35.7

-117.2

78.54

sl sol

0.8617

2.7

@ 25 °C

ISOPROPYL CHLOROFORMATE
108-23-6

colourless liquid

105

122.55

insol

1.08 g/ml

4.2

156

METHYL BROMIDE
74-83-9

colourless gas

3.55

-93.66

94.95

1.75 g/100 g

3.974 g/l (gas)

3.3

1420 mm Hg

13.5 ll
14.5 ul

537

METHYL CHLORIDE
74-87-3

colourless gas; compresses to colourless liquid

24.0

-97.7

50.49

sol

0.9159

2.47

475

8.1 ll
17.4 ul

-46 flammable gas

634

METHYL IODIDE
74-88-4

colourless, transparent liquid

42.5

-66.5

141.94

sl sol

2.28

4.9

@ 25 °C

METHYLENE CHLORIDE
75-09-2

colourless liquid

40

-95.1

84.9

sl sol

1.3266

2.9

47.4

14 ll
25 ul

640

PENTACHLOROETHANE
76-01-7

colourless liquid

161-162

-29

202.29

insol

1.6796

7.0

@ 25 °C

1,1,1,2-TETRACHLO­ROETHANE
630-20-6

yellowish red crystals

130.5

-70.2

167.85

sl sol

1.5406

1,1,2,2-TETRACHLO­ROETHANE
79-34-5

colourless pure to pale-yellow liquid

146.5

-44

167.86

sl sol

1.5953

5.79

@ 25 °C

TETRACHLORO­ETHANE
25322-20-7

heavy corrosive colourless liquid

146.5

-43

1,1,1-TRICHLORO­ETHANE
71-55-6

colourless liquid

74.0

-30.4

133.4

sl sol

1.3376

4.63

13.3

7 ll
16 ul

537

1,1,2-TRICHLORO­ETHANE
79-00-5

colourless liquid

113.8

-36.5

133.4

insol

1.4416

4.21 g/l

2.5

6 ll
15.5 ul

1,2,3-TRICHLORO­PROPANE
96-18-4

colourless to straw-coloured liquid

157

-14.7

147.43

sl sol

1.3889

5.1

0.267

3.2 ll
12.6 ul

82

304

 

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