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Glycerols & Glycols: Health Hazards

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Chemical Name

CAS-Number

ICSC Short-Term Exposure

ICSC Long-Term Exposure

ICSC Routes of Exposure and Symptoms

US NIOSH Target Organs & Routes of Entry

US NIOSH Symptoms

1,3-BUTANEDIOL     107-88-0

eyes; skin; resp tract

Inhalation: cough

Skin: redness

Eyes: stinging sensation

1,4-BUTANEDIOL     110-63-4

eyes; resp tract; CNS; kidneys

Inhalation: cough, dizziness, headache, unconsciousness

Eyes: redness, irritant

Ingestion: unconsciousness

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL     111-46-6

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS; liver; kidneys

liver; kidneys

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: confusion, diarrhoea, dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, unconsciousness, vomiting

DIPROPYLENE GLYCOL     110-98-5

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin

Inhalation: cough

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

ETHYLENE GLYCOL     107-21-1

eyes; skin; resp tract; kidneys; CNS

CNS; eyes

Inhalation: cough, dizziness, headache

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: abdominal pain, dullness, nausea, unconsciousness, vomiting

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; nau, vomit, abdom pain; weak; dizz, stupor, convuls, CNS depres; skin sens

1,6-HEXANEDIOL     629-11-8

eyes; resp tract

Inhalation: cough

Eyes: Irritation, redness

2,5-HEXANEDIOL     2935-44-6

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin; CNS

HEXYLENE GLYCOL     107-41-5

eyes; skin

skin; kidneys

Inhalation: cough

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting

Eyes; skin; resp sys Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; head, dizz, nau, inco, CNS depres; derm, skin sens

NEOPENTYL GLYCOL     126-30-7

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

lungs; kidneys

PROPYLENE GLYCOL     57-55-6

eyes

Eyes: pain

 

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