ILO Content Manager
Sunday, 07 August 2011 01:15

Esters, Acetates: Health Hazards

Chemival Name

CAS-Number

ICSC Short Term Exposure

ICSC Long Term Exposure

ICSC Routes of Exposure and Symptoms

US NIOSH Target Organs & Routes of Entry

US NIOSH Symptoms

AMYL ACETATE  628-63-7

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin

Inhalation: dizziness, drowsiness, headache, sore throat

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: nausea, sore throat

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, nose; derm; possible CNS depres, narco

sec-AMYL ACETATE     626-38-0

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin

Inhalation: dizziness, drowsiness, headache, sore throat

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: nausea, sore throat

Resp sys; eyes; skin Inh; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; cough, dysp, pulm sens

BUTYL ACETATE     123-86-4

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin

Inhalation: cough, dizziness, headache, nausea

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, upper resp sys; head, drow, narco

sec-BUTYL ACETATE     105-46-4

eyes; resp tract; CNS

skin

Inhalation: drowsiness, headache, sore throat, unconsciousness, weakness

Skin: dry skin

Eyes: redness, pain

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes; head; drow; dryness upper resp sys, skin; narco

tert-BUTYL ACETATE     540-88-5

Resp sys; eyes; skin; CNS Inh; ing; con

Itch, inflamm eyes; irrit upper resp tract; head; narco; derm

CYCLOHEXYL ACETATE     622-45-7

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, headache, nausea, sore throat

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

ETHYL ACETATE     141-78-6

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

skin

Inhalation: cough, dizziness, drowsiness, headache, nausea, shortness of breath, sore throat, unconsciousness, weakness

Skin: redness, pain

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, dizziness, nausea, sore throat, weakness

Eyes; skin; resp sys Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; narco; derm

ETHYL ACETOACETATE     141-97-9

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, sore throat

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

sec-HEXYL ACETATE     108-84-9

Resp sys; CNS; eyes; skin Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; head; in animals: narco

ISOAMYL ACETATE     123-92-2

eyes; resp tract

skin

Inhalation: drowsiness, headache, sore throat, weakness

Skin: dry skin

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: abdominal pain, nausea, sore throat

Resp sys; CNS; eyes; skin Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; head; in animals: narco

ISOBUTYL ACETATE     110-19-0

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin

Inhalation: cough, dizziness, headache, nausea, sore throat, unconsciousness, vomiting

Skin: dry skin

Eyes: redness, pain

Resp sys; CNS; eyes; skin Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, upper resp sys; head, drow, anes; in animals: narco

ISOPROPYL ACETATE     108-21-4

eyes; resp tract; lungs

skin

Inhalation: cough, drowsiness, headache

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, dizziness

Resp sys; CNS; eyes; skin Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, derm; in animals: narco

1-METHOXY-2-PROPYLACETATE     108-65-6

eyes; resp tract; CNS

skin

Inhalation: cough, dizziness, drowsiness, headache, nausea

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, diarrhoea, unconsciousness

2-METHOXYETHYL ACETATE     110-49-6

CNS

skin; liver; kidneys blood

Inhalation: confusion, dizziness, headache, nausea, unconsciousness, vomiting, weakness

Skin: may be absorbed, dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting

Eyes: blurred vision

Ingestion: abdominal pain, burning sensation, confusion, dizziness, headache, nausea, unconsciousness

Kidneys; brain; CNS; PNS; eyes, resp sys, repro sys; hemato sys Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, nose, throat; kidney, brain damage; in animals: narco; repro, terato effects

METHYL ACETATE          79-20-9

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; CNS

skin

Inhalation: cough, dullness, headache, sore throat, unconsciousness, vomiting, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: dry skin, redness, roughness

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Ingestion: abdominal pain, dullness, nausea, vomiting, weakness

Resp sys; skin; eyes; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; head, drow; optic nerve atrophy; chest tight; in animals: narco

PHENYL ACETATE     122-79-2

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness

POTASSIUM ACETATE     127-08-2

eyes; skin; resp tract

Inhalation: sore throat

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

PROPYL ACETATE     109-60-4

eyes; resp tract; CNS

skin

Inhalation: feeling of tightness in the chest, nausea, unconsciousness, vomiting

Skin: dry skin

Eyes: redness, pain

Resp sys; eyes; skin; CNS Inh; ing; con

In animals: irrit eyes, nose, throat; derm; narco

SODIUM ACETATE     127-09-3

eyes; skin; resp tract

Inhalation: sore throat

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

SODIUM FLUOROACETATE     62-74-8

Inhalation: convulsions, laboured breathing, unconsciousness, vomiting

Skin: may be absorbed

Eyes: blurred vision

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, abdominal pain

CVS; resp sys; kidneys; CNS; liver Inh; abs; ing; con

Vomit; appre, auditory halu; facial pares; twitch face musc; pulsus altenans, ectopic heartbeat, tacar, venfib; pulm edema; nystagmus; convuls; liver, kidney damage

 

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Sunday, 07 August 2011 01:14

Esters, Acetates: Chemical Identification

Chemical Formula

Chemical

Synonyms
UN Code

CAS-number

64700567

ACETIC ACID, ((3,5,6-TRICHLORO-2-PYRIDINYL)OXY)-, 2-BUTOXYETHYL ESTER

Garlon 4;
Garlon 4e;
M 4021;
((3,5,6-Trichloro-2-pyridinyl)oxy)acetic acid 2-butoxyethyl ester

64700-56-7

626380

sec-AMYL ACETATE

2-Acetoxypentane;
1-Methylbutyl acetate;
Acetic acid, 2-Pentyl ester;
2-Pentyl acetate
UN1104

626-38-0

628637

AMYL ACETATE

Acetic acid, amyl ester;
Acetic acid, entyl ester;
Amyl acetic ester;
Pear oil;
Pentyl acetate
UN1104

628-63-7

140114

BENZYL ACETATE

Acetic acid, phenylmethyl ester;
a-Acetoxytoluene;
Benzyl ethanoate;
Phenylmethyl acetate

140-11-4

123864

BUTYL ACETATE

Acetic acid n-butyl ester;
Acetic acid, butyl ester;
n-Butyl acetate;
1-Butyl acetate;
Butyl ethanoate
UN1123

123-86-4

105464

sec-BUTYL ACETATE

Acetic acid, 2-butoxy ester;
2-Butanol acetate;
sec-Butyl acetate;
2-Butyl acetate;
Acetic acid, sec-Butyl ester
UN1123

105-46-4

540885

tert-BUTYL ACETATE

Acetic acid, tert-butyl ester;
Acetic acid, 1,1-Dimethylethyl ester;
Texaco lead appreciator;
TLA
UN1123

540-88-5

62544

CALCIUM ACETATE

Brown acetate;
Calcium diacetate;
Gray acetate;
Lime acetate;
Lime pyrolignite;
Sorbo-calcion;
Teltozan;
Vinegar salts

62-54-4

18461557

o-CRESOL -4,6-DINITROACETATE

Acetic acid, 4,6-dinitro-o-cresyl ester

18461-55-7

622457

CYCLOHEXYL ACETATE

Acetic acid, cyclohexyl ester;
Cyclohexanyl acetate
UN2243

622-45-7

141786

ETHYL ACETATE

Acetic acid, ethyl ester;
Acetic ether;
Acetidin;
Acetoxyethane;
Ethyl acetic ester;
Ethyl ethanoate;
Vinegar naphtha
UN1173

141-78-6

141979

ETHYL ACETOACETATE

Acetoacetic acid, ethyl ester ;
Diacetic ether;
EAA;
Ethyl acetyl acetate;
Ethyl acetylacetonate;
Ethyl 3-oxobutanoate;
Ethyl 3-oxobutyrate;
3-Oxobutanoic acid ethyl ester

141-97-9

105395

ETHYL CHLOROACETATE

Ethyl chloracetate;
Ethyl-a-Chloroacetate;
Ethyl chloroethanoate;
Ethyl monochloroacetate
UN1181

105-39-5

108849

sec-HEXYLACETATE

Acetic acid, 1,3-dimethylbutyl ester;
1,3-Dimethylbutyl acetate;
MAAC;
Methylamyl acetate;
Methylisoamyl acetate
UN1233

108-84-9

123922

ISOAMYL ACETATE

Acetic acid, isopentyl ester;
Banana oil;
Isoamyl ethanoate;
Isopentyl alcohol, acetate;
Isopentyl acetate;
3-Methylbutyl acetate;
Pear oil

123-92-2

110190

ISOBUTYL ACETATE

Acetic acid, isobutyl ester;
Acetic acid, 2-methylpropyl ester;
2-Methylpropyl acetate
UN1213

110-19-0

108214

ISOPROPYL ACETATE

Acetic acid, isopropyl ester;
Acetic acid, 1-Methylethyl ester;
2-Propyl acetate
UN1220

108-21-4

70657704

2-METHOXY-1-PROPYL ACETATE

Acetic acid, 2-methoxypropyl ester

70657-70-4

108656

1-METHOXY-2-PROPYL ACETATE

Acetic acid, 2-methoxy-1-methylethyl ester;
Dowanol (r);
PMA;
glycol ether acetate;
1-Methoxy-2-acetoxypropane;
Propyleneglycol monomethyl ether acetate

108-65-6

79209

METHYL ACETATE

Acetic acid, methyl ester;
Devoton;
Tereton
UN1231

79-20-9

105453

METHYL ACETOACETATE

Acetoacetic methyl ester;
Methylacetoacetate;
Methyl Acetylacetate;
Methyl acetylacetonate;
Methyl 3-oxobutanoate;
Methyl 3-oxobutyrate

105-45-3

122792

PHENYL ACETATE

Acetyl phenol;
Phenol acetate;
Acetic acid, phenyl ester

122-79-2

127082

POTASSIUM ACETATE

Diuretic salt;
Acetic acid, potassium salt

127-08-2

623847

1,2-PROPANEDIOL, DIACETATE

Propylene glycol diacetate;
a-Propylene glycol diacetate

623-84-7

109604

PROPYL ACETATE

Acetic acid, propyl ester;
1-Propyl acetate
UN1276

109-60-4

127093

SODIUM ACETATE

Acetic acid, sodium salt;
Anhydrous sodium acetate;

127-09-3

62748

SODIUM FLUOROACETATE

Fluoroacetic acid, sodium salt;
Sodium monofluoroacetate
UN2629

62-74-8

650511

SODIUM TRICHLOROACETATE ACETIC ACID, TRICHLORO, SODIUM SALT

ACP grass killer;
Allied arcadian sodium TCA;
Antiperz;
Antyperz;
TCA;
TCA varitox

650-51-1

102761

TRIACETIN

Enzactin;
Fungacetin;
Glycerol triacetate;
1,2,3-Propanetriol triacetate;
Triacetine;
Triacetyl glycerine;
Vanay

102-76-1

108054

VINYL ACETATE

Acetic acid, ethenyl ester;
Acetic acid, ethylene ether;
1-Acetoxyethylene;
Ethanoic acid, ethenyl ester;
Ethenyl acetate;
Ethenyl ethanoate
UN1301

108-05-4

 

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Chemical Name

CAS-Number

Colour/Form

Boiling Point (°C)

Melting Point (°C)

Molecular Weight

Solubility in Water

Relative Density (water=1)

Relative Vapour Density (air=1)

Vapour Pressure/ (Kpa)

Inflam.
Limits

Flash Point (°C)

Auto Ignition Point (°C)

ALLYL GLYCIDYL ETHER
106-92-3

colourless liquid

154

-100

114.1

14.1%

0.9698

@ 25 ºC

@ 25 ºC

BUTYL GLYCIDYL ETHER
2426-08-6

clear, colourless liquid

164

130.2

2% sol

0.918

@ 25 ºC

0.2

74 cc

CRESYL GLYCIDYL ETHER
26447-14-3

colourless liquid

164.20

93 oc

1,2:3,4-DIEPOXYBUTANE
1464-53-5

138

-19

86.09

v sol

1.113

@ 25 ºC

DIGLYCIDYL ETHER
2238-07-5

colourless liquid

260

130.16

1.1195

@ 25 ºC

@ 25 ºC

1,1-DIMETHYLETHYL GLYCIDYL ETHER
7665-72-7

152

-70

130.18

0.898

EPICHLOROHYDRIN
106-89-8

colourless, mobile liquid

116

-48

92.5

misc

1.1801

3.29

1.6

3.8 ll
21.0 ul

34 cc

385

1,2-EPOXYBUTANE
106-88-7

colourless liquid

63.3

-150

72.12

@ 25 ºC

@ 17 ºC/4 ºC

2.2

18.8

3.1 ll
25.1 ul

-17

439

1,2-EPOXYETHYL­BENZENE
96-09-3

colourless to pale straw-coloured liquid

194.1

-35.6

120.1

insol

@16 ºC/4 ºC

4.30

0.3 mm Hg

822 oc

498

1,2-EPOXYPROPANE
75-56-9

colourless ethereal liquid

34.23

-112.13

58.08

v sol

0.8304

2.0

445 mm Hg

2.3 ll
36 ul

449

2,3-EPOXYPROPANOL
556-52-5

colourless, slightly viscous liquid

166-167decomp

-45

74.08

misc

1.115

2.15

@ 25 °C

72 cc

415

ETHYLENE OXIDE
75-21-8

colourless gas at ordinary room temp & pressure; liquid below
12 ºC

10.7

-112.5

44.06

sol

@ 10 °C/10 °C

1.49

1095 mm Hg

3 ll
100 ul

FURFURAL
98-01-1

an amber-coloured liquid; colourless liquid when freshly prepared; colourless to reddish-brown oily liquid

161.7

-36.5

96.08

sol

1.1594

3.3

0.144

2.1 ll
19.3 ul

60 cc

316

FURFURYL ALCOHOL
98-00-0

colourless-yellow liquid; clear mobile liquid

171

-14.6

98.10

misc

1.1296

1.003

0.051

1.8 ll
16.3 ul

75 oc

490

GUAIACOL
90-05-1

white or slightly yellow crystalline mass or colourless to yellowish; hexagonal prisms; crystals or liquid

205

32

124.13

sl sol

@ 21 ºC/4 ºC

@ 25 ºC

ISOPROPYL GLYCIDYL ETHER
4016-14-2

mobile, colourless liquid

137

116.18

18.8%

0.9186

4.15

@ 25 ºC

DIBENZO-p-DIOXIN
262-12-4

122-123

184.2

@ 25 ºC

@ 25 ºC

PHENYL GLYCIDYL ETHER
122-60-1

colourless liquid

245

3.5

150.1

0.24%

1.1092

4.37

0.01 mm Hg

RESORCINOL DIGLYCIDYL ETHER
101-90-6

straw-yellow liquid

@ 0.8 mm Hg

32-33

222.2

@ 25 °C

177 oc

TETRAHYDROFURAN
109-99-9

colourless, mobile liquid

66

-108.3

72.1

sol

0.8892

2.5

19.3

2 ll
11.8 ul

-145

321

VINYL CYCLOHEXENE DIOXIDE
106-87-6

colourless liquid

227

<-55

140.18

v sol

1.0986

4.8

0.13

110 oc

 

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Chemical Name
CAS-Number

Physical

Chemical

UN Class or Division / Subsidiary Risks

ALLYL GLYCIDYL ETHER
106-92-3

3

EPICHLOROHYDRIN
106-89-8

The substance will polymerize due to heating or under the influence of strong acids, bases and contaminants •On combustion, forms toxic and corrosive fumes •The substance decomposes slowly on contact with water •Reacts violently with strong oxidants •Reacts violently with aluminium, zinc, metal powders, alcohols, phenols, amines (especially aniline) and organic acids causing fire and explosion hazard •Attacks steel in the presence of water

6.1

1,2-EPOXYBUTANE
106-88-7

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible •The vapour mixes well with air, explosive mixtures are easily formed •As a result of flow, agitation, etc, electrostatic charges can be generated

The substance may polymerize on contact with acids, alkalies, tin, aluminium and iron chlorides with fire or explosion hazard

3

1,2-EPOXYPROPANE
75-56-9

3

2,3-EPOXYPROPANOL
556-52-5

The substance decomposes on contact with strong acids and bases, water, salts (aluminium chloride, ferric chloride) or metals (copper, zinc), causing fire and explosion hazard •Attacks plastic and rubber

ETHYLENE OXIDE
75-21-8

6.1 / 2.1

FURFURAL
98-01-1

The vapour is heavier than air

The substance polymerizes under the influence of acid(s) or base(s) with fire or explosion hazard •Reacts violently with oxidants •Attacks many plastics

3

FURFURYL ALCOHOL
98-00-0

The substance polymerizes under the influence of acids •Reacts violently with strong oxidants or strong acids, causing fire and explosion hazard

6.1

TETRAHYDROFURAN
109-99-9

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

The substance can form explosive peroxides •On combustion, forms carbon monoxide •Reacts violently with strong oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard

3

VINYL CYCLOHEXENE DIOXIDE
106-87-6

On combustion, forms acrid smoke and irritating fumes •Reacts with active hydrogen compounds (eg, alcohols, amines)

For UN Class: 1.5 = very insensitive substances which have a mass explosion hazard; 2.1 = flammable gas; 2.3 = toxic gas; 3 = flammable liquid; 4.1 = flammable solid; 4.2 = substance liable to spontaneous combustion; 4.3 = substance which in contact with water emits flammable gases; 5.1 = oxidizing substance; 6.1 = toxic; 7 = radioactive; 8 = corrosive substance

 

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Sunday, 07 August 2011 01:04

Epoxy Compounds: Health Hazards

Chemical Name

CAS-Number

ICSC Short-Term Exposure

ICSC Long-Term Exposure

ICSC Routes of Exposure and Symptoms

US NIOSH Target Organs & Routes of Entry

US NIOSH Symptoms

ALLYL GLYCIDYL ETHER     106-92-3

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin

Eyes; resp sys; skin; liver; kidneys Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, muc memb; pulm edema; in animals: liver, kidney inj

BUTYL GLYCIDYL ETHER     2426-08-6

skin

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS; blood Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose; sens; narco; possible hemato effects; CNS depres

DIGLYCIDYL ETHER     2238-07-5

Skin; eyes; resp sys; repro sys (in animals: skin tumors) Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; skin burns; in animals: hemato sys, lung, liver, kidney damage; repro effects; (carc)

EPICHLOROHYDRIN     106-89-8

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; CNS

skin; asthma; genes; reproduction system

Inhalation: pain, burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing, shortness of breath, vomiting, headache, unconsciousness

Skin: may be absorbed, pain, redness, severe skin burns

Eyes: pain, blurred vision, severe deep burns

Ingestion: burning sensation, abdominal cramps, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, unconsciousness

Resp sys; skin; kidneys; eyes; liver; repro sys (in animals: nasal cancer) Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin with deep pain; nau, vomit; abdom pain; resp distress, cough; cyan; repro effects; (carc)

1,2-EPOXYBUTANE      106-88-7

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: burning sensation, confusion, headache, laboured breathing, nausea, unconsciousness, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: abdominal pain

1,2-EPOXYPROPANE      75-56-9

Eyes; skin; resp sys (in animals: nasal tumors) Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; blisters, burns; (carc)

2,3-EPOXYPROPANOL     556-52-5

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; CNS

skin

Inhalation: cough, irritant, dizziness, narcotic, laboured breathing

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, irritant

Eyes: redness, severe irritant, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, irritant

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; narco

ETHYLENE OXIDE          75-21-8

Eyes; blood; resp sys; liver; CNS; kidneys; skin; repro sys (peritoneal cancer, leukemia) Inh; ing (liq); con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; peculiar taste; head; nau, vomit, diarr; dysp, cyan, pulm edema; drow; inco; EKG abnor; eye, skin burns (liq or high vap conc); liq: frostbite; repro effects; (carc); in animals: convuls; liver, kidney damage

FURFURAL         98-01-1

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; CNS

skin; liver; kidneys

Inhalation: cough, headache, laboured breathing, shortness of breath, sore throat

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, pain

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, diarrhoea, headache, sore throat, vomiting

Eyes; resp sys; skin Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, upper resp sys; head; derm

FURFURYL ALCOHOL      98-00-0

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin

Inhalation: cough, shortness of breath, sore throat

Skin: may be absorbed, dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness, pain, lachrymation, blurred vision, swelling of the eyelids

Ingestion: unconsciousness

Resp sys; eyes; skin; CNS Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, muc memb; dizz; nau, diarr; diuresis; resp, body temperature depres; vomit; derm

ISOPROPYL GLYCIDYL ETHER  4016-14-2

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

Eyes; skin; resp sys; blood; repro sys Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, upper resp sys; skin sens; possible hemato, repro effects

PHENYL GLYCIDYL ETHER     122-60-1

Eyes; skin; CNS; hemato sys; repro sys (in animals: nasal cancer) Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, upper resp sys; skin sens; narco; possible hemato, repro effects; (carc)

TETRAHYDROFURAN     109-99-9

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

skin; liver; kidneys

Inhalation: dizziness, headache, nausea, unconsciousness

Skin: dry skin, redness, roughness

Eyes: redness, pain

Resp sys; skin; eyes; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, upper resp sys; nau, dizz, head, CNS depres

VINYL CYCLOHEXENE DIOXIDE            106-87-6

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: laboured breathing, sore throat

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, swelling

Eyes: redness

Eyes; skin; resp sys; blood; thymus; repro sys (in animals: skin tumors) Inh; abs; ing; con

In animals: irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; testicular atrophy; leupen; nec thymus; skin sens; (carc)

 

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Sunday, 07 August 2011 01:02

Epoxy Compounds: Chemical Identification

Chemical Formula

Chemical

Synonyms
UN Code

CAS-Number

106923

ALLYL GLYCIDYL ETHER

Allyl 2,3-epoxypropyl ether;
1-(Allyloxy)-2,3-epoxypropane;
1,2-Epoxy-3-allyloxypropane;
Glycidyl allyl ether
UN2219

106-92-3

2426086

BUTYL GLYCIDYL ETHER

Butyl glycidyl ether;
2,3-Epoxypropyl butyl ether;
Ether, butyl 2,3-epoxypropyl;
Ether, butyl glycidyl;
Glycidyl butyl ether

2426-08-6

26447143

CRESYL GLYCIDYL ETHER

Cresol glycidyl ether;
Cresylglycide ether;
Glycidyl methylphenyl ether;
Propane, 1,2-epoxy-3-(tolyloxy)-

26447-14-3

1464535

1,2:3,4-DIEPOXYBUTANE

Butadiene diepoxide;
1,3-Butadiene diepoxide;
Diepoxybutane;
2,4-Diepoxybutane

1464-53-5

2238075

DIGLYCIDYL ETHER

Di(2,3-epoxy)propyl ether

2238-07-5

7665727

1,1-DIMETHYLETHYL GLYCIDYL ETHER

tert-Butyl glycidyl ether;
Propane, 1-tert-Butoxy-2,3-epoxy-;
Oxirane, ((1,1-dimethylethoxy)methyl)-

7665-72-7

106898

EPICHLOROHYDRIN

3-Chloro-1,2-epoxypropane;
1-Chloro-2,3-epoxypropane;
(Chloromethyl)ethylene oxide;
3-Chloro-1,2-propane oxide
UN2023

106-89-8

106887

1,2-EPOXYBUTANE

1-Butene oxide;
Butylene oxide;
1,2-Butylene oxide;
Epoxybutane
UN3022

106-88-7

96093

1,2-EPOXYETHYLBENZENE

1,2-Epoxy-1-phenylethane;
Epoxystyrene;
1-Phenyl-1,2-epoxyethane;
Phenylethylene oxide;
Phenyl oxirane

96-09-3

75569

1,2-EPOXYPROPANE

2,3-Epoxypropane;
Methyl ethylene oxide;
Propene oxide;
Propylene oxide
UN1280

75-56-9

556525

2,3-EPOXYPROPANOL

Epihydrin alcohol;
2,3-Epoxy-1-propanol;
Glycidyl alcohol;
3-Hydroxy-1,2-epoxypropane

556-52-5

3033770

(2,3-EPOXYPROPYL)TRIMETHYLAMMONIUM CHLORIDE

Glycidyl-trimethyl-ammonium chloride;
Oxiranemethanaminium, trimethylglycidylammonium chloride;
N,N,N-Trimethyloxiranemethanaminium chloride

3033-77-0

75218

ETHYLENE OXIDE

Dimethylene oxide;
Epoxyethane;
1,2-Epoxyethane;
Ethene oxide
UN1040

75-21-8

2461156

2-ETHYLHEXYL GLYCIDYL ETHER

Glycidyl 2-ethylhexyl ether

2461-15-6

98011

FURFURAL

2-Furanaldehyde;
2-Furancarbonal;
2-Furancarboxaldehyde;
2-Furfural;
2-Furylaldehyde
UN1199

98-01-1

98000

FURFURYL ALCOHOL

Furanmethanol;
Furfural alcohol;
Furfuralcohol;
Furyl alcohol
UN2874

98-00-0

90051

GUAIACOL

Hydroxyanisole

90-05-1

2425016

HYDROQUINONE DIGLYCIDYL ETHER

2425-01-6

4016142

ISOPROPYL GLYCIDYL ETHER

Glycidyl isopropyl ether;
Isopropyl glycidyl ether;
3-Isopropyloxypropylene oxide;
((1-Methylethoxy)methyl)oxirane

4016-14-2

262124

DIBENZO-p-DIOXIN

Dibenzodioxin;
Dibenzo(1,4)dioxin;
Dibenzo(b,e)(1,4)dioxin;
Diphenylene dioxide

262-12-4

122601

PHENYL GLYCIDYL ETHER

1,2-Epoxy-3-phenoxypropane;
2,3-Epoxypropylphenyl ether;
Phenol glycidyl ether;
3-Phenoxy-1,2-epoxypropane;
Phenyl 2,3-epoxypropyl ether

122-60-1

101906

RESORCINOL DIGLYCIDYL ETHER

1,3-Bis(2,3-epoxypropoxy)benzene;
m-Bis(glycidyloxy)benzene;
1,3-Diglycidyloxybenzene;
Diglycidyl resorcinol ether;
Resorcinyl diglycidyl ether

101-90-6

1320941

TETRAHYDRODIMETHYLFURAN

Tetrahydrodimethyl furane

1320-94-1

109999

TETRAHYDROFURAN

Butylene oxide;
Cyclotetramethylene oxide;
Diethylene oxide;
1,4-Epoxybutane;
Tetramethylene oxide
UN2056

109-99-9

106876

VINYL CYCLOHEXENE DIOXIDE

1,2-Epoxy-4-(epoxyethyl)cyclohexane;
1-Epoxyethyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexane;
4-Vinyl-1,2-cyclohexene diepoxide;
1-Vinyl-3-cyclohexene dioxide;
4-Vinyl-1-cyclohexene dioxide

106-87-6

 

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Chemical Name

CAS-Number

Colour/Form

Boiling Point (°C)

Melting Point (°C)

Molecular Weight

Solubility in Water

Relative Density (water=1)

Relative Vapour Density (air=1)

Vapour Pressure/ (Kpa)

Inflam.
Limits

Flash Point (°C)

Auto Ignition Point (°C)

ACETONITRILE
75-05-8

colourless, limpid liquid

81.6

-45

41.05

misc

0.7857

1.42

@ 24 C

3.0 ll
16.0 ul

128 cc

524

ACRYLONITRILE
107-13-1

clear, colourless liquid

77.3

-83.5

53.06

7g/100 ml

0.8060

@ 25 °C

11.0

3 ll
17 ul

-1 cc

481

ADIPONITRILE
111-69-3

needles from ether; colourless liquid

295

1

108.1

sl sol

0.9676

3.73

@ 25 °C

@ 200 °C

550

ALLYL ISOTHIOCYANATE
57-06-7

colourless to pale yellow, oily liquid

152

-80

99.15

sl sol

1.0126

3.41

@ 38.3 °C

461

AMMONIUM THIOCYANATE
1762-95-4

colourless, monoclinic crystals

149.6

76.12

@ 0 °C; v sol in hot water

1.3057 g/ml

BENZONITRILE
100-47-0

liquid; transparent colourless oil

191

-13

103.1

sl sol

@ 15 °C/15 °C

3.6

0.1

75 cc

550

BUTYRONITRILE
109-74-0

colourless liquid

117.5

-112

69.10

sl sol

0.7936

2.4

@ 25 °C

1.65 ll
? ul

501

CALCIUM CYANAMIDE
156-62-7

pure calcium cyanamide occurs as glistening, hexagonal crystals belonging to the rhombohedral system; colourless crystals or powder

1340

80.11

insol

2.29

CALCIUM CYANIDE
592-01-8

white powder; rhombohedric crystals or powder

>350 decomp

92.12

sol

1.853 (solid)

CHLOROACETONITRILE
107-14-2

colourless liquid

126

75.50

insol

1.1930

2.61

1.15

1.0 ll
? ul

56

o-CHLOROBENZYLIDENE­MALONONITRILE
2698-41-1

white crystalline solid

310-315

93-95

188.62

insol

3.4x
10- 5 mm Hg

CYANAMIDE
420-04-2

orthorhombic, elongated, six-sided tablets from dimethyl phthalate; crystallizes from a variety of solvents as somewhat unstable, colourless, orthorhombic, deliquescent crystals.

@ 0.5 mm Hg

45-46

42.04

v sol

1.282

1.45

141

METHYL 2-CYANOACRYLATE
137-05-3

colourless, viscous liquid

@ 1.8 mm Hg

111.10

2.95x
10+ 5 mg/l

1.1012

@ 25 °C.

CYANOGEN
460-19-5

colourless gas

-21.1

-27.9

52.0

sol

@ -21.17 °C/4 °C

1.8

@ -21.0 °C

6.6 ll
32 ul

CYANOGEN BROMIDE
506-68-3

cubes; colourless or white needle-like crystals

61.5

52

105.0

sol

2.015

3.62

12.3

CYANOGEN CHLORIDE
506-77-4

colourless liquid or gas

13

-6.5

61.5

sol

1.186

2.16

@ 21.1 °C

DICYANODIAMIDE
461-58-5

monoclinic prismatic crystals from water or alcohol; pure white crystals

211

84.08

sol

@ 25 °C/4 °C

HYDRACRYLONITRILE
109-78-4

water-white liquid; straw-coloured liquid

230

-46

71.08

misc

1.041

2.45

@ 25 °C

1294 oc

505

2-HYDROXY-2-METHYL­PROPIONITRILE
75-86-5

colourless liquid

95

-19

85.10

v sol

@ 25 °C/4

2.93

106 Pa

2.2 ll
12.0. ul

63-74 cc

688

HYDROGEN CYANIDE
74-90-8

colourless gas or liquid; water-white liquid below 26.5 °C; colourless to bluish white liquid

26

-13.4

27.0

misc

0.6876

0.94

81.8

5.6 ll
40.0 ul

-1778 cc

538

HYDROXYACETONITRILE
107-16-4

colourless, water-white, oily liquid

183 decomp

<-72

57.06

v sol

1.10

1.96

@ 63 °C

IODINE CYANIDE
506-78-5

crystals

>45 sub

146.5

152.92

reacts

@ 18 °C

5.3

@ 25.2 °C

ISOBUTYRONITRILE
78-82-0

colourless liquid

103.8

-71.5

69.1

sl sol

@ 30 °C/4 °C

2.38

@ 25 °C

8 cc

482

ISOCYANURIC ACID
108-80-5

anhydrous crystals from concn hydrochloric acid or sulfuric acid; crystalline powder

360

129.08

1 g/200 ml

2.500

LACTONITRILE
78-97-7

yellow liquid; straw-colored liq

@ 30 mm Hg

-40

71.1

sol

@ 20 ° C/4 ° C

17 mm Hg at 90 ° C

MALONONITRILE
109-77-3

white powder; colourless solid

218.5

32

66.06

sol

1.1910

@ 99 °C

MANDELONITRILE
532-28-5

oily, yellow liquid

170

-10

1.1165

METHYLACRYLONITRILE
126-98-7

colourless liquid

90.3

-35.8

67.10

insol

0.8001

2.31

@ 25 °C

2 ll
6.8 ul

13 oc

PHENYLACETONITRILE
140-29-4

colourless oily liquid

233.5

-23.8

117.14

insol

@ 15 °C/15 °C

@ 60.0 °C

m-PHTHALODINITRILE
626-17-5

265 sub

162

128.13

sl sol

@ 40 °C

PHTHALONITRILE
91-15-6

needles from water or petroleum ether; buff-coloured crystals

141

128.1

sl sol

POTASSIUM CYANATE
590-28-3

white crystalline powder; colourless, tetragonal/crystal

315

81.12

@ 25 ° C

@ 20 ° C

SODIUM CYANIDE
143-33-9

colourless cubes; white solid in form of granules, flakes, or eggs

1496

563.7

49.02

@ 10 °C

1.6

POTASSIUM THIOCYANATE
333-20-0

97.18

PROPIONITRILE
107-12-0

colourless liquid

97.1

-92

55.08

v sol

0.7818

1.9

5.2

3.1 ll
? ul

6 cc

POTASSIUM CYANIDE
151-50-8

white, granular powder or fused pieces; white amorphous lumps or crystalline mass; colourless cubes

634

65.11

decomposes

1.553

SUCCINONITRILE
110-61-2

266

54.5

80.09

v sol

@ 60 °C

TETRAMETHYL­SUCCINONITRILE
3333-52-6

solid

1.070

170 sub

136.19

insol

@ 25 °C

4.7

 

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Chemical Name
CAS-Number

Physical

Chemical

UN Class or Division /  Subsidiary Risks

ACETONITRILE
75-05-8

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible • The vapour mixes well with air, explosive mixtures are easily formed • As a result of flow, agitation, etc, electrostatic charges can be generated

On combustion, forms toxic fumes of hydrogen cyanide and nitrogen oxides • The substance decomposes on contact with acids, water and steam producing toxic fumes and flammable vapour • On contact with strong oxidants causes fire and explosion hazard • Attacks some forms of plastic, rubber and coating

3

ACRYLONITRILE
107-13-1

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

The substance polymerizes due to heating, under the influence of light, bases and peroxides • Heating may cause violent combustion or explosion • The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic fumes including nitrogen oxides, hydrogen cyanide • Reacts violently with strong oxidants and strong bases causing fire and explosion hazard

3/ 6.1

ADIPONITRILE
111-69-3

6.1

ALLYL ISOTHIOCYANATE
57-06-7

The substance decomposes on heating producing cyanhydric acid vapours • Reacts with strong oxidants

6.1

BENZONITRILE
100-47-0

The substance decomposes on heating or on burning on contact with acids, producing very toxic fumes (hydrogen cyanide, nitrous oxides) • Reacts violently with strong acids producing highly toxic hydrogen cyanide • Attacks some plastics

6.1

BUTYRONITRILE
109-74-0

3/ 6.1

CALCIUM CYANAMIDE
156-62-7

4.3

CALCIUM CYANIDE
592-01-8

The substance decomposes on heating above 350 °C producing toxic fumes (hydrogen cyanide, nitrous oxides) • Reacts violently with water, moist air, carbon dioxide, acids, acidic salts producing highly toxic and flammable hydrogen cyanide • Reacts violently when heated with nitrites, nitrates, chlorates and perchlorates

6.1

CHLOROACETONITRILE
107-14-2

The vapour is heavier than air

On contact with hot surfaces or flames this substance decomposes forming toxic and flammable vapours • Reacts with strong oxidants, reducing agents, acids, bases, steam, producing highly toxic and flammable fumes

6.1/ 3

CYANAMIDE
420-04-2

The substance may polymerize at temperatures above 122 °C • Substance decomposes on warming above 49 °C, on contact with acids, bases and moisture producing toxic fumes including nitrogen oxides and cyanides • Reacts with acids, strong oxidants, strong reducing agents and water causing explosion and toxic hazard • Attacks various metals

CYANOGEN
460-19-5

2.3/ 2.1

CYANOGEN BROMIDE
506-68-3

The vapour is heavier than air

The substance decomposes on heating or on contact with acids, producing highly toxic and flammable hydrogen cyanide and corrosive hydrogen bromide • Reacts slowly with water and water vapour, forming hydrogen bromide and hydrogen cyanide

CYANOGEN CHLORIDE
506-77-4

The gas is heavier than air

The substance may polymerize violently if contaminated with hydrogen chloride or ammonium chloride • The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic and corrosive fumes (hydrogen cyanide, hydrochloric acid, nitrogen oxides) • Reacts slowly with water or water vapour to form hydrogen chloride • Attacks copper and brass

DIALLYL CYANURATE
1081-69-2

2.3/ 8

DICYANODIAMIDE
461-58-5

The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic gases • Reacts violently with strong oxidants, causing fire and explosion hazard • Reacts with acids to form toxic gases

2.3/ 2.1

2-HYDROXY-2-METHYLPROPIONITRILE
75-86-5

The substance decomposes on heating and on burning producing hydrogen cyanide • Reacts with strong oxidants, strong bases and strong acids • Reacts violently with alkali metals causing fire and explosion hazard

6.1

HYDROGEN CYANIDE
74-90-8

The gas mixes well with air, explosive mixtures are easily formed

The substance may polymerize due to heating above 184 °C or under the influence of bases, 2-5% water or if not chemically stabilized with fire or explosion hazard • On combustion, forms carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxides • The substance decomposes on contact with bases, causing fire and explosion hazard • The substance is a weak acid • The solution in water is a weak acid • Reacts violently with excess of strong acid causing fire and explosion hazard • Attacks many metals in presence of water

6.1/ 3

IODINE CYANIDE
506-78-5

The substance may polymerize due to heating or under the influence of acids, producing very toxic gas (hydrogen cyanide) • The substance decomposes slowly on contact with water or humidity producing very toxic gas (hydrogen cyanide) • Reacts violently with strong oxidants • May decompose on exposure to light

ISOBUTYRONITRILE
78-82-0

3/ 6.1

ISOCYANURIC ACID
108-80-5

6.1/ 8

MALONONITRILE
109-77-3

6.1

METHYLACRYLONITRILE
126-98-7

3/ 6.1

PHENYLACETONITRILE
140-29-4

6.1

SODIUM CYANIDE
143-33-9

The substance decomposes on burning producing toxic fumes (nitrogen oxides) • The substance is a strong base, it reacts violently with acid and is corrosive to metals (aluminum and zinc) • Reacts violently with strong oxidants such as nitrates and chlorates causing fire and explosion hazard • The substance decomposes in the presence of air, moisture or carbon dioxide producing highly toxic and flammable gas (hydrogen cyanide) • Contact with acids and acids salts causes immediate formation of highly toxic and flammable hydrogen cyanide gas

6.1

PROPIONITRILE
107-12-0

The vapour mixes well with air, explosive mixtures are easily formed

The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic fumes including nitrogen oxides and hydrogen cyanide • Reacts violently with strong oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard • Reacts with acids, steam, warm water giving off toxic and flammable hydrogen cyanide

3/ 6.1

POTASSIUM CYANIDE
151-50-8

The substance decomposes on contact with water, humidity, alkali carbonates, and acids, producing very toxic hydrogen cyanide gas • The solution in water is a strong base, it reacts violently with acid and is corrosive

6.1

TETRAMETHYLSUCCINONITRILE
3333-52-6

The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic fumes (hydrogen cyanide, nitrogen oxides) • Reacts with strong oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard

For UN Class: 1.5 = very insensitive substances which have a mass explosion hazard; 2.1 = flammable gas; 2.3 = toxic gas; 3 = flammable liquid; 4.1 = flammable solid; 4.2 = substance liable to spontaneous combustion; 4.3 = substance which in contact with water emits flammable gases; 5.1 = oxidizing substance; 6.1 = toxic; 7 = radioactive; 8 = corrosive substance

 

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Sunday, 07 August 2011 00:54

Cyano Compounds: Health Hazards

Chemical Name

CAS-Number

ICSC Short-Term Exposure

ICSC Long-Term Exposure

ICSC Routes of Exposure and Symptoms

US NIOSH Target Organs & Routes of Entry

US NIOSH Symptoms

ACETONITRILE   75-05-8

eyes; skin; resp tract

Inhalation: abdominal pain, convulsions, laboured breathing, sore throat, unconsciousness, vomiting, weakness, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Kidneys; liver; CVS; CNS; lungs; skin; eyes; resp sys Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit nose, throat; asphy; nau, vomit; chest pain; weak; stupor, convuls; in animals: liver, kidney damage

ACRYLONITRILE 107-13-1

eyes; skin; resp tract; liver; CNS

CNS; liver

Inhalation: dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting, weakness, tremor and uncoordinated movements

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, pain, blisters

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Ingestion: abdominal pain, headache, nausea, shortness of breath, vomiting, weakness

CVS; liver; kidneys; CNS; skin; brain; lungs; bowels; eyes Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin; asphy; head; sneez; nau, vomit; weak, li-head; skin vesic; scaling derm; (carc)

ALLYL ISOTHIOCYANATE     57-06-7

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin

Inhalation: sore throat, cough, laboured breathing

Skin: redness, pain

Eyes: pain, redness, blurred vision

Ingestion: sore throat, burning sensation, nausea, vomiting

BENZONITRILE   100-47-0

eyes; resp tract;

Inhalation: headache, laboured breathing, unconsciousness

Eyes: redness, painIngestion: nausea, vomiting

CALCIUM CYANIDE         592-01-8

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; CNS; blood; heart

skin; reproduction

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, dizziness, headache, red colouration of the skin, laboured breathing, nausea, shortness of breath, unconsciousness, vomiting, convulsions, coma, death

Skin: may be absorbed, skin burns, pain, itching, papules

Eyes: pain, blurred vision, possible permanent loss of vision, severe deep burns

Ingestion: confusion, burning sensation in the mouth, numbness or tightness in throat, salivation, convulsions followed by paralysis

CHLOROACETONITRILE  107-14-2

eyes; skin; resp tract

Inhalation: cough, headache, laboured breathing, sore throat, unconsciousness

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: burning sensation

o-CHLOROBENZYLIDENE MALONONITRILE            2698-41-1

Resp sys; skin; eyes Inh; abs; ing; con

Pain, burn eyes, lac, conj; eryt eyelids, blepharospasm; irrit throat, cough, chest tight; head; eryt, vesic skin

CYANAMIDE       420-04-2

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin; reproduction

Inhalation: cough, shortness of breath

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; eye, skin burns; miosis, salv, lac, twitch; Antabuse-like effects

CYANOGEN BROMIDE     506-68-3

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

lungs

Inhalation: abdominal pain, burning sensation, confusion, convulsions, dizziness, headache, laboured breathing, shortness of breath, unconsciousness, vomiting, asphyxia, anxiety, irregular heartbeat

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, pain, blisters

Eyes: redness, pain, severe deep burns, tear drawing

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, burning sensation

CYANOGEN CHLORIDE   506-77-4

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; skin

Inhalation: confusion, drowsiness, nausea, sore throat, irritation, unconsciousness, vomiting, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: redness, pain, the liquid may be absorbed, on contact with liquid: frostbite

Eyes: on contact with liquid: frostbite, redness, pain

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS; CVS Inh; abs (liq); con (liq)

Irrit eyes, upper resp sys; cough, delayed pulm edema; weak, head, gidd, dizz, conf, nau, vomit; irreg heartbeat; irrit skin (liq)

DICYANODIAMIDE          461-58-5

Inhalation: abdominal pain, dizziness, nausea, shortness of breath

Skin: redness, skin burns

Eyes: loss of vision, severe deep burns

HYDROGEN CYANIDE     74-90-8

Inhalation: numbness or tightness in throat and stiffness in lower jaw, confusion, dizziness, headache, laboured breathing, nausea, unconsciousness, vomiting, weakness

Skin: may be absorbed

Eyes: vapour will be absorbed, see inhalation

Ingestion: burning sensation

CVS; CNS; thyroid; blood Inh; abs; ing; con

Asphy; weak, head, conf; nau, vomit; incr rate and depth of respiration or respiration slow and gasping; thyroid, blood changes

2-HYDROXY-2-METHYLPROPIONITRILE 75-86-5

eyes; skin; resp tract; intracellular oxygen metabolism

Inhalation: confusion, dizziness, headache, laboured breathing, nausea, unconsciousness, vomiting, weakness

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: confusion, dizziness, laboured breathing, unconsciousness, vomiting

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS; CVS; liver; kidneys; GI tract Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; dizz, weak, head, conf, convuls; liver, kidney inj; pulm edema, asphy

IODINE CYANIDE            506-78-5

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; intracellular oxygen metabolism

Inhalation: confusion, cough, dizziness, headache, laboured breathing, nausea, unconsciousness, vomiting, weakness

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: confusion, dizziness, laboured breathing, unconsciousness, vomiting

POTASSIUM CYANIDE     151-50-8

eyes; skin; resp tract

thyroid gland

Inhalation: confusion, convulsions, dizziness, headache, laboured breathing, nausea, shortness of breath, unconsciousness, vomiting, weakness, asphyxiant, anxiety, irregular heart beat, tightness in the chest

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: vapour will be absorbed, redness

Ingestion: salivation, abdominal cramps, burning sensation

CVS; CNS; eyes; skin; thyroid; blood Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin; asphy; weak, head, conf; nau, vomit; incr resp rate; slow gasping respiration; thyroid, blood changes

PROPIONITRILE 107-12-0

eyes; skin; resp tract; cellular metabolism; CNS

skin; birth defects

Inhalation: confusion, asphyxia dizziness, dullness, headache, nausea, vomiting

Skin: may be absorbed, dry skin, pain

Eyes: severe deep burns

Ingestion: unconsciousness

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS; CNS; liver; kidneys Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; nau, vomit; chest pain; weak; stupor; convuls; in animals: liver, kidney damage

SODIUM CYANIDE          143-33-9

Inhalation: burning sensation, headache, shortness of breath, sore throat, unconsciousness, weakness, seizure

Skin: may be absorbed, skin burns, burning sensation, pain

Eyes: pain, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, diarrhoea, vomiting

CVS; CNS; eyes; skin; thyroid; blood Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin; asphy; weak, head, conf; nau, vomit; incr resp rate; slow gasping respiration; thyroid, blood changes

TETRAMETHYLSUCCINONITRILE     3333-52-6

CNS

Skin: Inhalation: convulsions, dizziness, headache, nausea, unconsciousness, vomitingmay be absorbed

CNS; liver; kidneys; GI tract Inh; abs; ing; con

Head, nau; convuls, coma; liver, kidney, GI effects

 

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Sunday, 07 August 2011 00:52

Cyano Compounds: Chemical Identification

Chemical Formula

Chemical

Synonyms
UN Code

CAS-number

75058

ACETONITRILE

Ethanenitrile;
Ethyl nitrile;
Methanecarbonitrile;
Methyl cyanide
UN1648

75-05-8

107131

ACRYLONITRILE

Cyanoethylene;
Propenenitrile;
2-Propenenitrile;
Vinyl cyanide
UN1093

107-13-1

111693

ADIPONITRILE

Adipic acid dinitrile;
Adipic acid nitrile;
1,4-Dicyanobutane;
Hexanedinitrile;
Tetramethylene cyanide
UN2205

111-69-3

57067

ALLYL ISOTHIOCYANATE

Allyl isosulphocyanate;
Allyl isothiocyanate;
3-Isothiocyanato-1-propene;
2-Propenyl isothiocyanate
UN1545

57-06-7

1762954

AMMONIUM THIOCYANATE

Ammonium rhodanate;
Ammonium sulfocyanide;
Ammoniumthiocyanate;
Thiocyanic acid, ammonium salt

1762-95-4

100470

BENZONITRILE

Benzenenitrile;
Benzoic acid nitrile;
Cyanobenzene;
Phenyl cyanide
UN2224

100-47-0

109740

BUTYRONITRILE

Butanenitrile;
Butyric acid nitrile;
N-butyronitrile;
1-Cyanopropane;
Propyl cyanide
UN2411

109-74-0

156627

CALCIUM CYANAMIDE

Calcium carbimide;
Calcium cyanamid;
Cyanamid;
Cyanamide
UN1403

156-62-7

592018

CALCIUM CYANIDE

Calcium cyanide;
Calcyan;
Calcyanide;
Cyanogas
UN1575

592-01-8

107142

CHLOROACETONITRILE

2-Chloroacetonitrile;
Chloromethyl cyanide;
Monochloroacetonitrile;
Monochloromethyl cyanide
UN2668

107-14-2

2698411

o-CHLOROBENZYLIDENE MALONONITRILE

2-Chlorobenzalmalononitrile;
2-Chlorobenzylidene malononitrile;
Propanedinitrile, ((2-Chlorophenyl)methylene)

2698-41-1

420042

CYANAMIDE

Carbamonitrile;
Carbimide;
Cyanoamine;
N-cyanoamine;
Cyanogenamide;
Cyanogen nitride;
Hydrogen cyanamide

420-04-2

57125

CYANIDE

Hydrocyanic acid, ion(1-);
Isocyanide
UN1935

57-12-5

460195

CYANOGEN

Carbon nitride;
Ethanedinitrile;
Nitriloacetonitrile;
Oxalic acid dinitrile
UN1026

460-19-5

506683

CYANOGEN BROMIDE

Bromine cyanide;
Bromocyan;
Bromocyanide;
Cyanobromide;
Cyanogen monobromide
UN1889

506-68-3

506774

CYANOGEN CHLORIDE

Chlorine cyanide;
Chlorocyan;
Chlorocyanide;
Chlorocyanogen
UN1589

506-77-4

7085850

ETHYL 2-CYANOURATE

ACE-E 50;
ACE-EE;
Acrylic acid, adhesive 502;
aron alpha d;
Black max;
ethyl cyanoacrylate;
Ethyl alpha-cyanoacrylate;
Ethyl 2-cyano-2-propenoate;
Super glue

7085-85-0

1081692

DIALLYL CYANURATE

1081-69-2

461585

DICYANODIAMIDE

Cyanoguanidine;
Dicyandiamide

461-58-5

109784

HYDRACRYLONITRILE

2-cyanoethanol;
Ethylene cyanohydrin;
3-hydroxypropanenitrile;
3-hydroxypropionitrile;
Methanolacetonitrile

109-78-4

75865

2-HYDROXY-2-METHYLPROPIONITRILE

Acetone cyanohydrin;
2-methyllactonitrile
UN1541

75-86-5

74908

HYDROGEN CYANIDE

Carbon hydride nitride;
Hydrocyanic-acid
UN1051
UN1613
UN1614

74-90-8

107164

HYDROXYACETONITRILE

Cyanomethanol;
Formaldehyde cyanohydrin;
Glycolic nitrile;
2-hydroxyacetonitrile;
Hydroxymethylnitrile

107-16-4

506785

IODINE CYANIDE

Cyanogen iodide;
Jodcyan

506-78-5

78820

ISOBUTYRONITRILE

2-cyanopropane;
Dimethylacetonitrile;
Isopropyl cyanide;
2-methylpropanenitrile;
2-methylpropionitrile
UN2284

78-82-0

108805

ISOCYANURIC ACID

Cyanuric acid;
Tricyanic acid;
Trihydroxycyanidine;
2,4,6-trihydroxy-1,3,5-triazine

108-80-5

78977

LACTONITRILE

78-97-7

109773

MALONONITRILE

Cyanoacetonitrile;
Dicyanomethane;
Malonic acid dinitrile;
Malonic dinitrile
UN2647

109-77-3

532285

MANDELONITRILE

Acetonitrile, hydroxyphenyl-;
Benzaldehyde cyanohydrin;
Glycolonitrile, phenyl-;
Mandelic acid nitrile

532-28-5

126987

METHYLACRYLONITRILE

2-cyanopropene-1;
Isopropene cyanide;
Isopropenylnitrile;
2-methylpropenenitrile
UN3079

126-98-7

137053

METHYL-2-CYANOACRYLATE

2-Cyanoacrylic acid, methyl ester;
Methyl cyanoacrylate;
Methyl alpha-cyanoacrylate;

137-05-3

5807023

4-MORPHOLINEACETONITRILE

Acetonitrile, morpholino-;
N-cyanomethylmorpholine

5807-02-3

140294

PHENYLACETONITRILE

Benzeneacetonitrile (9CI);
Benzyl cyanide;
Benzyl nitrile;
Benzyl cyanide;
Cyanomethyl)benzene;
a-Cyanotoluene;
o-Cyanotoluene;
Phenylacetonitrile, liquid (DOT);
2-Phenylacetonitrile;
Phenyl acetyl nitrile;
Toluene, a-Cyano-;
a-Tolunitrile
UN2470

140-29-4

626175

m-PHTHALODINITRILE

m-dicyanobenzene;
1,3-dicyanobenzene;
Isophthalodinitrile;
Isophthalonitrile;
m-phthalodinitrile;
1,3-benzenedicarbonitrile

626-17-5

91156

PHTHALONITRILE

o-dicyanobenzene;
1,2-dicyanobenzene;
Phthalic acid dinitrile;
Phthalodinitrile;
o-phthalodinitrile

91-15-6

590283

POTASSIUM CYANATE

590-28-3

1515080

POTASSIUM CYANIDE

Hydrocyanic acid, potassium salt
UN1680

151-50-80

333200

POTASSIUM THIOCYANATE

Potassium isothiocyanate;
Potassium rhodanate;
Potassium sulfocyanate;
Potassium thiocyanide

333-20-0

107120

PROPIONITRILE

Cyanoethane;
Ethyl cyanide;
Hydrocyanic ether;
Propanenitrile;
Propionic nitrile
UN2404

107-12-0

143339

SODIUM CYANIDE

Hydrocyanic acid, sodium salt
UN1689

143-33-9

110612

SUCCINONITRILE

Butanedinitrile;
Ethylene cyanide;
Ethylene dicyanide;
Succinic acid dinitrile;
Succinodinitrile

110-61-2

3333526

TETRAMETHYLSUCCINONITRILE

Tetramethylbutanedinitrile;
Tetramethylsuccinic acid dinitrile;
Tetramethylsuccinodinitrile;
Tetramethylsuccinonitrile

3333-52-6

 

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Page 12 of 106

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Contents

Preface
Part I. The Body
Part II. Health Care
Part III. Management & Policy
Part IV. Tools and Approaches
Part V. Psychosocial and Organizational Factors
Part VI. General Hazards
Part VII. The Environment
Part VIII. Accidents and Safety Management
Part IX. Chemicals
Part X. Industries Based on Biological Resources
Part XI. Industries Based on Natural Resources
Part XII. Chemical Industries
Part XIII. Manufacturing Industries
Part XIV. Textile and Apparel Industries
Part XV. Transport Industries
Part XVI. Construction
Part XVII. Services and Trade
Part XVIII. Guides