ILO Content Manager

Chemical Name
CAS-Number

Colour/Form

Boiling Point (°C)

Melting Point (°C)

Molecular Weight

Solubility in Water

Relative Density (water=1)

Relative Vapour Density (air=1)

Vapour Pressure/ (Kpa)

Inflam.
Limits

Flash Point (°C)

Auto Ignition Point (°C)

AMMONIA
7664-41-7

colourless gas, liquid

-33.35

-77.7

17.03

sol

0.7710

0.59

@ 26 °C

16 ll
25 ul

flamma­ble gas

651

AMMONIUM BICARBONATE
1066-33-7

colourless rhombic or monoclinic crystals; shiny, hard, colourless or white prisms or crystalline mass

107.5

79.06

@ 10 °C

1.57

AMMONIUM CHLORIDE
12125-02-9

colourless crystals or crystalline masses; or white, granular powder; cubic crystals; a white, fine or coarse, crystalline powder

520

338 decomp

53.50

sol

@ 25 °C

@ 160 °C

AMMONIUM FLUORIDE
12125-01-8

leaflets or needles; hexagonal prisms by sublimation; colourless hexagonal crystals; white crystals

37.04

@ 25 °C

1.015

AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE
1336-21-6

colourless liquid

-77

35.05

misc

@ 25 °C

AMMONIUM NITRATE
6484-52-2

colourless rhombic crystals; monoclinic when teMelting Point is greater than 32.1 °C; transparent crystals or white granules; five solid phases exist at normal pressure; orthorhombic at room temp; colourless (pure) to gray or brown (fertilizer grade).

210 decomp

169.6

80.06

@ 0 °C; 871 g/100 ml

@ 25 °C

CALCIUM
7440-70-2

lustrous, silver-white surface (when freshly cut); face-centered cubic structure below 300 °C; acquires bluish-gray tarnish on exposure to moist air

1440

850

40.08

1.54

@ 983 °C

CALCIUM BROMATE
10102-75-7

white crystalline powder

149

38.2

313.90

v sol

3.329

CALCIUM CARBIDE
75-20-7

grayish-black, irregular lumps or orthorhombic crystals; colourless tetragonal crystals

2300

64.10

reacts

2.22

CALCIUM CARBONATE
1317-65-3

white powder or colourless crystals

825 decomp

sl sol

2.7-2.95

CALCIUM CHLORATE
10137-74-3

340 ± 10

206.99

sol

@ 0 °C

CALCIUM CHLORIDE
10043-52-4

cubic crystals, granules or fused masses; colourless

1, 935

772

110.98

74.5 g/100 ml

@ 15 °C/4 °C

CALCIUM HYDRIDE
7789-78-8

grayish-white lumps or crystals

675 decomp

42.10

decomposes

1.7

CALCIUM HYDROXIDE
1305-62-0

crystals or soft granules or powder; colourless, hexagonal; rhombic, trigonal, colourless crystals; white powder

580 decomp

580

74.10

insol

2.24

CALCIUM NITRATE
10124-37-5

granules; colourless, cubic crystals; white mass

560

164.10

v sol

@ 18 °C

CALCIUM NITRITE
13780-06-8

colourless or yellowish crystals

100

150.11

sol

@ 34 °C

CALCIUM OXIDE
1305-78-8

colourless cubic crystals; white or grayish white lumps, or granular powder

2850

2570

56.08

3.32-3.35

CARBONIC ACID, CALCIUM SALT
471-34-1

fine, white, microcrystalline powder; powder or crystals; aragonite: orthorhombic; calcite: hexagonal-rhombohedral

825 decomp

102.10

insol

2.7-2.9

DIAMMONIUM PHOSPHATE
7783-28-0

colourless, monoclinic; white crystals or powder

decomp

155 decomp

132.07

1 g/1.7 ml

1.619

LITHIUM
7439-93-2

silvery-white metal; body-centered cubic structure; becomes yellowish on exposure to moist air; tarnishes to grayish-white on exposure to air

1342

180.54

6.941

reacts

0.534

@ 723 °C:

LITHIUM CARBONATE
554-13-2

white, light powder; monoclinic

1310 decomp

618-723

73.89

insol

2.11

LITHIUM CHLORIDE
7447-41-8

cubic crystals, granules or crystalline powder; white

1360

613

42.40

1 g/1.3 ml

2.07

LITHIUM HYDRIDE
7580-67-8

commercial product is usually gray; white, translucent, crystalline mass or powder

850 decomp

680

7.95

reacts

0.76-0.77

0 mm Hg

highly flammable

200

LITHIUM HYDROXIDE
1310-65-2

crystals

decomp

450-471

12.8 g/100 ml

1.46

LITHIUM HYDROXIDE MONOHYDRATE
1310-66-3

crystals

450-471

10.9 g/100 ml

1.51

PERCHLORIC ACID, POTASSIUM SALT
7778-74-7

colourless crystals or white, crystalline powder; colourless, rhombic crystals

400 decomp

138.55

sol in 65 parts

2.52

POTASSIUM
7440-09-7

soft, silvery-white metal; body-centered cubic structure

765.5

63.2

39.098

0.856

@ 432 °C

POTASSIUM BROMATE
7758-01-2

white crystals or granules; colourless, trigonal crystals

434

167.01

@ 25 °C

@ 17.5 °C

POTASSIUM BROMIDE
7758-02-3

colourless crystals or white granules or powder; cubic crystals

1435

730

119.01

1 g/1.5 ml

@ 25 °C

POTASSIUM CARBONATE
584-08-7

granules or granular powder; *colorless, monoclinic crystals; *white granular powder; *granular translucent powder

891

140.82

112 g/100 ml cold

2.29

POTASSIUM CHLORATE
3811-04-9

colourless, lustrous crystals or white granules or powder

400 decomp

368

122.55

1 g/16.5 ml

2.32

POTASSIUM FLUORIDE
7789-23-3

colourless cubic deliquescent

1505

858

58.10

v sol

2.48

POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE
1310-58-3

white or slightly yellow lumps, rods, pellets; sticks, flakes, or fused masses; white rhombic crystals; colourless watery liquid

1324

380

56.11

@ 25 °C

2.044 mg/ml

@ 714 °C

POTASSIUM IODATE
7758-05-6

white crystals or crystalline powder; colourless monoclinic crystals

560

214.02

4.74 g/100 ml

@ 32 °C/4 °C

POTASSIUM IODIDE
7681-11-0

colourless or white, cubical crystals, white granules, or powder; hexahedral crystals, either transparent or somewhat opaque

1330

680

166.02

sol 1g/0.7 ml

3.13

POTASSIUM NITRATE
7757-79-1

colourless, rhombic or trigonal crystals; white granular or crystalline powder

400 decomp

334

101.10

@ 25 °C

@ 16 °C

POTASSIUM NITRITE
7758-09-0

white or slightly yellow granules or rods; white yellowish prism

@ 351

85.10

v sol

1.915

POTASSIUM OXIDE
12136-45-7

crystalline powder

350

reacts

2.3

POTASSIUM PERIODATE
7790-21-8

small colourless crystals or white granular powder

582

230

sl sol

3.168

582

SODIUM
7440-23-5

light, silvery-white metal; body-centered cubic structure; lustrous when freshly cut

881.4

97.82

22.99

0.968

@ 400 °C

115 in dry air

SODIUM BICARBONATE
144-55-8

white, monoclinic prisms; white crystalline powder or granules

@ 270

84.01

@ 25 °C; 12 parts

2.159

SODIUM BROMATE
7789-38-0

colourless cubic crystals; white granules or crystalline powder

381

150.90

@ 0 °C 90.9 g/100 ml

@ 17.5 °C

SODIUM CARBONATE
497-19-8

white powder; grayish-white powder or lumps containing up to 99% sodium carbonate.

- 851

106.00

sol in 3.5 parts

2.53

SODIUM CHLORATE
7775-09-9

colourless; cubic or trigonal crystals; white powder; pale yellow to white crystals; colourless powder; colourless crystals or white granules

122

248

106.5

@ 15 °C

3.7

SODIUM CHLORIDE
7647-14-5

colourless, transparent crystals or white, crystalline powder

1413

801

58.44

@ 0 °C; 9.2 g/100 ml

@ 25 °C/4 °C

@ 865 °C

SODIUM CHLORITE
7758-19-2

white crystalline solid; crystals or flakes

180-200

90.44

@ 5 °C 39 g/100 g

2.468 g/ml in crystalline form

SODIUM ETHYLATE
141-52-6

white or yellowish powder; white powder sometimes having brownish tinge

68.06

SODIUM HYDROXIDE
1310-73-2

lumps, chips, pellets, sticks; white flakes or cake; fused solid with cryst fracture

1390

318.4

40.01

1 g/ 0.9 ml

@ 25 °C

@ 739 °C

SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE
7681-52-9

in solution only; greenish yellow liquid

74.44

sol

1.21

SODIUM IODIDE
7681-82-5

colourless, cubic crystals; white crystals or granules; white powder

1304

651

149.92

@ 25 °C

3.67

@ 767 °C

SODIUM METHYLATE
124-41-4

amorphous, free flowing powder

127 decomp

54.03

reacts

0.45

70-80

SODIUM MONOHYDROGEN PHOSPHATE
7558-79-4

colourless, or white, granular salt

141.98

sol 8 parts 25 °C

SODIUM NITRATE
7631-99-4

colourless, trigonal or rhombohedron crystals; white granules or powder

380 decomp

308

85.01

@ 25 °C

2.26

SODIUM NITRITE
7632-00-0

colourless-yellow rhombohedral prisms; white or slightly yellow granules, rods, or powder; slightly yellowish or white crystals, pellets, sticks or powder

320 decomp

271

69.00

sol

2.26

SODIUM PEROXIDE
1313-60-6

yellowish-white, granular powder; white powder turning yellow on exposure to atmosphere; yellowish-white powder turns yellow when heated

657 decomp

460 decomp

77.99

v sol

2.805

SODIUM PHOSPHATE
7601-54-9

163.94

8.8 g /100 ml

@ 17.5 °C

SODIUM TRIPOLYPHOSPHATE
7758-29-4

powder and granules; white powder

367.86

sol

TETRAMETHYLAMMONIUM CHLORIDE
75-57-0

white crystalline solid

420

109.6

sol

1.1690

 

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Chemical Name
CAS-Number

Physical

Chemical

UN Class or Division / Subsidiary Risks

AMMONIA
7664-41-7

The gas is lighter than air • It is difficult to ignite • Spilled liquid has very low temperature and evaporates quickly

Shock-sensitive compounds are formed with mercury, silver and gold oxides • The substance is a strong base, it reacts violently with acid and is corrosive to eg, aluminum and zinc • Reacts violently with strong oxidants, halogens and interhalogens • Attacks copper, aluminum, zinc, and their alloys • Dissolves in water evolving heat

2.3/ 8

AMMONIUM CHLORIDE
12125-02-9

The substance decomposes on heating or on burning, producing toxic and irritating fumes (nitrogen oxides, ammonia and hydrogen chloride) • The solution in water is a weak acid • Reacts violently with ammonium nitrate and potassium chlorate causing fire and explosion hazard • Reacts with highly concentrated acids to form hydrogen chloride and with strong bases to form ammonia • Reacts with silver salts to form compounds that are sensitive to mechanical shock • Attacks copper and its compounds

AMMONIUM FLUORIDE
12125-01-8

6.1

AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE
1336-21-6

8

AMMONIUM NITRATE
6484-52-2

Heating may cause violent combustion or explosion • The substance decomposes on heating or on burning producing toxic fumes (nitrogen oxides) • The substance is a strong oxidant and reacts with combustible and reducing materials

5.1

CALCIUM
7440-70-2

4.3

CALCIUM CARBIDE
75-20-7

The substance decomposes violently on contact with water producing acetylene gas, causing fire and explosion hazard

4.3

CALCIUM CHLORATE
10137-74-3

5.1

CALCIUM HYDRIDE
7789-78-8

4.3

CALCIUM HYDROXIDE
1305-62-0

The substance decomposes on heating producing calcium oxide • The substance is a medium strong base

8

CALCIUM NITRATE
10124-37-5

5.1

CALCIUM OXIDE
1305-78-8

The solution in water is a medium strong base • Reacts violently with strong acids, water, chlorine or boron trifluoride • Reacts with water generating sufficient heat to ignite combustible materials

8

CARBONIC ACID, CALCIUM SALT
471-34-1

The substance decomposes on heating to high temperature producing carbon dioxide • Reacts with acids causing carbon dioxide release

CHLORIC ACID, SODIUM SALT
7775-09-9

Heating may cause violent combustion or explosion • The substance decomposes on heating above 300°C or on burning producing oxygen, which increases fire hazard, and toxic fumes (chlorine) • The substance is a strong oxidant and reacts violently with combustible and reducing materials, causing fire and explosion hazard • Reacts with strong acids giving off carbon dioxide • Reacts with organic contaminants to form shock-sensitive mixtures • Attacks zinc and steel

5.1

LITHIUM
7439-93-2

Heating may cause violent combustion or explosion • The substance may spontaneously ignite on contact with air when finely dispersed • Reacts violently with strong oxidants, acids and many compounds (hydrocarbons, halogens and halons) causing fire and explosion hazard • Reacts violently with water, forming highly flammable hydrogen gas and corrosive fumes of lithium hydroxide

4.3

LITHIUM CARBONATE
554-13-2

The substance decomposes on heating producing carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide • The solution in water is a strong base, it reacts violently with acid and is corrosive to aluminium and zinc • violently with strong acid (HCl)Reacts violently with fluorine • Attacks aluminum and zinc

LITHIUM CHLORIDE
7447-41-8

The solution in water is corrosive to metals

LITHIUM HYDRIDE
7580-67-8

Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form, mixed with air

The substance may spontaneously ignite on contact with air • The substance decomposes exothermically on heating to about 500°C or in contact with moisture or acids, producing flammable gas • Reacts violently with strong oxidants • Reacts with water to form lithium hydroxide which is very caustic, and flammable hydrogen gas • Reacts with lower alcohols, carboxylic acids, chlorine and ammonia at 400°C to liberate hydrogen gas • Lithium hydride powder and liquid oxygen are detonable explosives

4.3

LITHIUM HYDROXIDE
1310-65-2

The solution in water is a strong base, it reacts violently with acid and is corrosive to aluminium and zinc

LITHIUM HYDROXIDE MONOHYDRATE
1310-66-3

The solution in water is a strong base, it reacts violently with acid and is corrosive to aluminium and zinc

8

PERCHLORIC ACID, POTASSIUM SALT
7778-74-7

The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic fumes (chlorine, chloroxides) • Reacts violently with metal powders, combustible, organic or other oxidizable materials causing fire and explosion hazard • When heated to decomposition toxic fumes of chloride, potassium- and chloroxide are formed

POTASSIUM
7440-09-7

4.3

POTASSIUM BROMATE
7758-01-2

5.1

POTASSIUM CHLORATE
3811-04-9

The substance decomposes on warming, on heating, on burning, on contact with organic substances, combustible agents, metal powders, sulfuric acid, ammonium containing substances, alcohols, producing chlorine dioxide, chlorine and oxygen, causing fire and explosion hazard • Upon heating, toxic fumes are formed • The substance is a strong oxidant and reacts violently with combustible and reducing materials • The substance is a strong reducing agent and reacts with oxidants

5.1

POTASSIUM FLUORIDE
7789-23-3

6.1

POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE
1310-58-3

The substance is a strong base, it reacts violently with acid and is corrosive in moist air toward metals such as zinc, aluminum, tin and lead forming a combustible/explosive gas (hydrogen) • Rapidly absorbs carbon dioxide and water from air • Contact with moisture or water will generate heat

8

POTASSIUM NITRATE
7757-79-1

The substance decomposes on heating or on burning producing nitrogen oxides, oxygen, which increases fire hazard • The substance is a strong oxidant and reacts with combustible and reducing materials

5.1

POTASSIUM NITRITE
7758-09-0

May explode on heating above 530°C • The substance decomposes on contact with even weak acids producing toxic fumes (nitrogen oxides) • The substance is a strong oxidant and reacts with combustible and reducing materials causing fire and explosion hazard

5.1

POTASSIUM OXIDE
12136-45-7

The substance decomposes on contact with water producing potassium hydroxide • The solution in water is a strong base, it reacts violently with acid and is corrosive • Attacks many metals in presence of water

SODIUM
7440-23-5

4.3

SODIUM BROMATE
7789-38-0

5.1

SODIUM CARBONATE
497-19-8

SODIUM CHLORITE
7758-19-2

5.1

SODIUM HYDROXIDE
1310-73-2

The substance is a strong base, it reacts violently with acid and is corrosive in moist air to metals like zinc, aluminum, tin and lead forming a combustible/explosive gas (hydrogen) • Attacks some forms of plastics, rubber or coatings • Rapidly absorbs carbon dioxide and water from air • Contact with moisture or water may generate heat

8

SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE
7681-52-9

8

SODIUM METHYLATE
124-41-4

Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form, mixed with air

Heating may cause violent combustion or explosion • The substance decomposes on contact with water producing methanol, which increases fire hazard • The substance is a strong reducing agent and reacts violently with oxidants • The substance is a strong base, it reacts violently with acid and is corrosive • Attacks many metals in presence of water

4.2/ 8

SODIUM NITRATE
7631-99-4

The substance decomposes on heating or on burning producing nitrogen oxides and oxygen, which increases fire hazard • The substance is a strong oxidant and reacts with combustible and reducing materials, causing fire and explosion hazard

SODIUM NITRITE
7632-00-0

May explode on heating above 530°C • The substance decomposes on contact with even weak acids producing toxic fumes (nitrogen oxides) • The substance is a strong oxidant and reacts with combustible and reducing materials causing fire and explosion hazard

5.1

SODIUM PEROXIDE
1313-60-6

5.1

For UN Class: 1.5 = very insensitive substances which have a mass explosion hazard; 2.1 = flammable gas; 2.3 = toxic gas; 3 = flammable liquid; 4.1 = flammable solid; 4.2 = substance liable to spontaneous combustion; 4.3 = substance which in contact with water emits flammable gases; 5.1 = oxidizing substance; 6.1 = toxic; 7 = radioactive; 8 = corrosive substance.

 

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Saturday, 06 August 2011 02:52

Alkaline Materials: Health Hazards

Chemical Name

CAS-Number

ICSC Short Term Exposure

ICSC Long Term Exposure

ICSC Routes of Exposure and Symptoms

US NIOSH Target Organs & Routes of Entry

US NIOSH Symptoms

AMMONIA          7664-41-7

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing, symptoms may have delayed effects

Skin: On contact with liquid: frostbite

Eyes: severe deep burns

Eyes; skin; resp sys Inh, abs, ing (soln), con (solnliq)

Irrit eyes, nose, throat; dysp, bronspas, chest pain; pulm edema; pink frothy sputum; skin burns, vesic; liq: frostbite

AMMONIUM CHLORIDE     12125-02-9

eyes; skin; resp tract

Inhalation: cough

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: nausea, sore throat, vomiting

Eyes, skin, resp sys Inh, con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; cough, dysp, pulm sens

CALCIUM CARBIDE         75-20-7

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: cough, laboured breathing, shortness of breath, sore throat

Skin: redness, skin burns, pain

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, burning sensation

CALCIUM HYDROXIDE     1305-62-0

skin; resp tract; eyes

skin

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough

Skin: redness, roughness, burning sensation

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, burning sensation, vomiting, weakness

Eyes, skin, resp sys Inh, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin, upper resp sys; eye, skin burns; skin vesic; cough, bron, pneu

CALCIUM OXIDE 1305-78-8

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, shortness of breath

Skin: redness, skin burns, burning sensation, pain

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, abdominal pain, burning sensation, diarrhoea, vomiting, collapse

Resp sys; skin; eyes Inh, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin, upper resp sys; ulcer, perf nasal septum; pneu; derm

CARBONIC ACID, CALCIUM SALT     471-34-1

eyes; resp tract

Inhalation: cough

Skin: dry skin

Eyes: redness

CHLORIC ACID, SODIUM SALT     7775-09-9

eyes; skin; resp tract; blood ;kidneys

skin

Inhalation: cough, sore throat

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, blue lips or fingernails, blue skin, diarrhoea, nausea, shortness of breath, unconsciousness, vomiting

LITHIUM            7439-93-2

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing, shortness of breath

Skin: redness, pain, blisters

Eyes: redness, pain, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, abdominal pain, burning sensation, nausea, shock or collapse, vomiting, weakness

LITHIUM CARBONATE     554-13-2

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS; CVS; GI tract

skin; CNS; CVS; stomach; kidneys; genes

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, sore throat

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, abdominal pain, confusion, diarrhoea, drowsiness, nausea, vomiting

LITHIUM CHLORIDE     7447-41-8

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin; CNS; kidneys; genes

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, sore throat

Skin: redness, pain

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

LITHIUM HYDRIDE     7580-67-8

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: cough, nausea, vomiting, tremors, twitching, confusion, blurred vision, laboured breathing, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: redness, skin burns

Eyes: redness, severe deep burns

Ingestion: dizziness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS Inh, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin; eye, skin burns; mouth, esophagus burns (if ingested); nau; musc twitches; mental conf; blurred vision

LITHIUM HYDROXIDE     1310-65-2

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing, shortness of breath

Skin: redness, pain, blisters

Eyes: redness, pain, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, burning sensation, nausea, shock or collapse, vomiting, weakness

LITHIUM HYDROXIDE MONOHYDRATE 1310-66-3

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing, shortness of breath

Skin: redness, pain, blisters

Eyes: redness, pain, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, burning sensation, nausea, vomiting, weakness

PERCHLORIC ACID, POTASSIUM SALT     7778-74-7

eyes; skin; resp tract

blood

Inhalation: cough, sore throat

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness, pain

POTASSIUM CHLORATE     3811-04-9

mucous membranes; upper resp tract; blood; liver; kidneys; CNS

skin

Inhalation: blue lips or finger nails, anemia, haemolytic haemorrhage, nausea, shortness of breath, unconsciousness, vomiting, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: redness, burning sensation

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, abdominal pain, blue lips or fingernails, blue skin, diarrhoea, headache, nausea, shortness of breath, sore throat, unconsciousness, vomiting, anuria, collapse, seizure

POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE     1310-58-3

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin

Inhalation: corrosive, burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing

Skin: corrosive, redness, serious skin burns, pain

Eyes: corrosive, redness, pain, blurred vision, severe deep burns

Ingestion: corrosive, abdominal pain, burning sensation, diarrhoea, vomiting, collapse

Eyes; skin; resp sys Inh, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; cough, sneez; eye, skin burns; vomit, diarr

POTASSIUM NITRITE     7758-09-0

eyes; skin; resp tract; blood; CVS

Inhalation: blue lips or finger nails, blue skin, cough, dizziness, headache, laboured breathing, sore throat, unconsciousness

Skin: redness, pain

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: blue lips or finger nails, blue skin, cough, dizziness, headache, laboured breathing, sore throat, unconsciousness, vomiting, rapid pulse

POTASSIUM OXIDE     12136-45-7

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, shortness of breath

Skin: skin burns, pain, blisters

Eyes: redness, pain, severe deep burns

Ingestion: burning sensation, shock, abdominal cramps

SODIUM HYDROXIDE     1310-73-2

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin

Inhalation: corrosive, burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing

Skin: corrosive, redness, serious skin burns, pain

Eyes: corrosive, redness,pain, blurred vision, severe deep burns

Ingestion: corrosive, severe pain, abdominal pain, burning sensation, diarrhoea, vomiting, collapse

Eyes; skin; resp sys Inh, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin, muc memb; pneuitis; eye, skin burns; temporary loss of hair

SODIUM METHYLATE     124-41-4

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing

Skin: redness, pain, blisters

Eyes: pain, severe deep burns

Ingestion: burning sensation, abdominal pain, shock

SODIUM NITRITE     7632-00-0

eyes; skin; resp tract; blood; CNS; kidneys

Inhalation: blue lips or finger nails, blue skin, cough, dizziness, headache, laboured breathing, sore throat, unconsciousness

Skin: redness, pain

Eyes: redness, pain, may be adsorbed

Ingestion: abdominal pain, blue lips or finger nails, blue skin, diarrhoea, dizziness, headache, laboured breathing, unconsciousness

 

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Saturday, 06 August 2011 02:49

Alkaline Materials: Chemical Identification

Chemical Formula

Chemical

Synonyms
UN Code

CAS-number

NH3

AMMONIA

Ammonia anhydrous
UN1005

7664-41-7

(NH4)2 CO3

AMMONIUM BICARBONATE

Ammonium carbonate;
Ammonium hydrogen carbonate;
Carbonic acid, monoammonium salt;
Monoammonium carbonate

1066-33-7

NH4Cl

AMMONIUM CHLORIDE

Salmiac

12125-02-9

NH4F

AMMONIUM FLUORIDE

Ammonium fluoride
UN2505

12125-01-8

NH4OH

AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE

UN2073
UN2672

1336-21-6

HNO3NH3

AMMONIUM NITRATE

Nitric acid, ammonium salt
UN0222
UN1942
UN2426

6484-52-2

Ca

CALCIUM

Calcicat
UN1401

7440-70-2

CaBrO3

CALCIUM BROMATE

10102-75-7

CaC2

CALCIUM CARBIDE

Acetylenogen;
Calcium acetylide;
Calcium dicarbide
UN1402

75-20-7

CaCO3

CALCIUM CARBONATE

Domolite;
Limestone;
Marble;
Portland stone

1317-65-3

CaCl2O6

CALCIUM CHLORATE

Chloric acid, calcium salt
UN1452
UN2429

10137-74-3

CaCl2

CALCIUM CHLORIDE

10043-52-4

CaH

CALCIUM HYDRIDE

7789-78-8

Ca(OH)2

CALCIUM HYDROXIDE

Calcium dihydroxide;
Calcium hydrate;
Hydrated lime

1305-62-0

N2-O6Ca

CALCIUM NITRATE

Calcium dinitrate;
Calcium nitrate;
Calcium saltpeter
UN1454

10124-37-5

Ca(NO2)2

CALCIUM NITRITE

13780-06-8

CaO

CALCIUM OXIDE

Burnt lime;
Calcia;
Desical p;
Lime;
Lime, burned
UN1910

1305-78-8

CaCO3

CARBONIC ACID, CALCIUM SALT

Calcium carbonate (1:1);
Calcium monocarbonate

471-34-1

Li2CO3

LITHIUM CARBONATE

Carbonic acid, dilithium salt;
Carbonic acid lithium salt;
Dilithium carbonate

554-13-2

LiCl

LITHIUM CHLORIDE

7447-41-8

LiH

LITHIUM HYDRIDE

UN1414
UN2805

7580-67-8

LiOH

LITHIUM HYDROXIDE

UN2679
UN2680

1310-65-2

LiOH.H2O

LITHIUM HYDROXIDE MONOHYDRATE

1310-66-3

Na5P3O10

SODIUM TRIPOLYPHOSPHATE

Pentasodium triphosphate;
Triphosphoric acid, pentasodium salt;
Pentasodium tripolyphosphate;
Sodium phosphate

7758-29-4

KO4Cl

PERCHLORIC ACID, POTASSIUM SALT

Potassium hyperchloride;
Potassium perchlorate
UN1489

7778-74-7

NaO4 Cl

PERCHLORIC ACID, SODIUM SALT

Sodium perchlorate
UN1502

7601-89-0

K

POTASSIUM

UN1420
UN2257

7440-09-7

KBrO3

POTASSIUM BROMATE

UN1484

7758-01-2

KBr

POTASSIUM BROMIDE

Bromide salt of potassium;
Tripotassium tribromide

7758-02-3

K2H2CO3

POTASSIUM CARBONATE

Carbonic acid, dipotassium salt;
K-gran;
Pearl ash;
Potash

584-08-7

KO3Cl

POTASSIUM CHLORATE

Potassium chlorate
UN1485
UN2427

3811-04-9

KF

POTASSIUM FLUORIDE

UN1812

7789-23-3

KOH

POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE

Caustic potash;
Potassium hydrate
UN1813
UN1814

1310-58-3

KIO3

POTASSIUM IODATE

Iodic acid, potassium salt

7758-05-6

KI

POTASSIUM IODIDE

Knollide;
Potide

7681-11-0

KNO3

POTASSIUM NITRATE

Nitric acid, potassium salt;
Saltpeter
UN1486

7757-79-1

KNO2

POTASSIUM NITRITE

Nitrous acid, potassium salt
UN1488

7758-09-0

KO

POTASSIUM OXIDE

12136-45-7

KIO

POTASSIUM PERIODATE

7790-21-8

Na

SODIUM

UN1428

7440-23-5

NaHCO3

SODIUM BICARBONATE

Baking soda;
Monosodium carbonate;
Sodium acid carbonate;
Sodium hydrogen carbonate

144-55-8

NaBrO3

SODIUM BROMATE

Bromic acid, sodium salt
UN1494

7789-38-0

Na2CO3

SODIUM CARBONATE

Crystol carbonate;
Disodium carbonate;
Soda ash;
Solvay soda;
Trona

497-19-8

NaO3Cl

SODIUM CHLORATE

Chloric acid, sodium salt ;
Soda chlorate
UN1495
UN2428

7775-09-9

NaCl

SODIUM CHLORIDE

Common salt;
Sea salt;
Table salt

7647-14-5

NaHO2Cl

SODIUM CHLORITE

UN1496
UN1908

7758-19-2

NaOC2H5

SODIUM ETHYLATE

Sodium ethoxide;
Ethanol, sodium salt;

141-52-6

NaOCl

SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE

Hypochlorous acid, sodium salt;
UN1791

7681-52-9

NaOH

SODIUM HYDROXIDE

Caustic soda;
Sodium hydrate;
White caustic
UN1823
UN1824

1310-73-2

NaI

SODIUM IODIDE

Sodium iodine;
Sodium monoiodide

7681-82-5

Li

LITHIUM

UN1415

7439-93-2

NaOCH3

SODIUM METHYLATE

Sodium methoxide;
Methanol, sodium salt
UN1431
UN1289

124-41-4

Na2HPO4

SODIUM MONOHYDROGEN PHOSPHATE

Disodium hydrogen phosphate;
Disodium orthophosphate;
Disodium phosphate;
Disodium phosphoric acid;
Sodium hydrogen phosphate

7558-79-4

NaNO3

SODIUM NITRATE

Nitric acid, sodium salt;
Sodium saltpeter
UN1498

7631-99-4

NaNO2

SODIUM NITRITE

Nitrous acid, sodium salt
UN1500

7632-00-0

Na2O2

SODIUM PEROXIDE

Disodium dioxide;
Disodium peroxide;
Sodium dioxide;
Sodium oxide (Na2O2)
UN1504

1313-60-6

Na3PO4

SODIUM PHOSPHATE

Tribasic sodium phosphate;
Trisodium orthophosphate;
Trisodium phosphate

7601-54-9

N(CH3)4Cl

TETRAMETHYLAMMONIUM CHLORIDE

Methanaminium, N,N,N-trimethyl-, chloride;
N,N,N-Trimethylmethanaminium chloride

75-57-0

 

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Chemical Name

CAS-Number

Colour/Form

Boiling Point (ºC)

Melting Point (ºC)

Molecular Weight

Solubility in Water

Relative Density (water=1)

Relative Vapour Density (air=1)

Vapour Pressure/ (Kpa)

Inflam.
Limits

Flash Point (ºC)

Auto Ignition Point (ºC)

ACETAL
105-57-7

colourless liquid

102.2

-100

118.17

sol

0.83

4.08

20 mm Hg

1.6 ll
10.4 ul

-21 cc

230

ACETALDEHYDE
75-07-0

colourless liquid; colourless gas

21

-123

44.05

misc

@ 16 ºC/4 ºC

1.52

99

4 ll
57 ul

-39

185

ACROLEIN
107-02-8

colourless or yellowish liquid

53

-88

56.06

v sol

0.84

1.94

29

2.8 ll
31 ul

-26 cc

234

BENZALDEHYDE
100-52-7

colourless liquid

179

-26

106.12

sl sol

@ 15 ºC/4 ºC

3.66

@ 26 ºC

63 cc

179

BUTYLALDEHYDE
123-72-8

colourless liquid; water-white liquid

74.8

-99

72.10

sol

0.8

2.5

12.2

1.9 ll
12.5 ul

-667 cc

230

CHLOROACETALDE­HYDE
107-20-0

clear, colourless liquid

85.5

-16.3

78.50

misc

1.19

2.7

13.3

877 cc

88

CHLORAL
75-87-6

oily liq

@ 760 mm Hg

-57.5

147.40

sol

@ 20 ° C/4 ° C

5.1

@ 20 ° C

CHLORAL HYDRATE
302-17-0

transparent, colorless crystals; large monoclinic plates; colorless or white crystals

@ 764 mm Hg (decomp)

57 ° C

165.42

14.3 g/ml water at 40 ° C

@ 20 ° C/4 ° C

o-CHOROBENZALDE­HYDE
89-98-5

colourless to yellowish liquid

211.9

12.4

140.6

sl sol

1.2483

0.04

90 cc

385

CINNAMMICALDEHYDE
104-55-2

yellowish oily liquid; greenish-yellow liquid

253

-7.5

132.15

700 ml

@ 25 ºC/ 25 ºC

4.6

@ 76 ºC

120

CROTONALDEHYDE
4170-30-3

water-white to straw-coloured liquid

104.0

-76.5

70.09

18.1 g/100 g

0.853

2.41

19 mm Hg

2.1 ll
15.5 ul

13 oc

232.2

DICHLOROETHYL FORMAL
111-91-1

colorless liquid

218.1

-32.8

173.05

@ 25 ° C

@ 20 ° C/20 ° C

6.0

@ 20 ° C

110 ° C

2,2-DIMETHYL-1,3-DIOXO­LANE-4-METHANOL
100-79-8

colourless liquid

188-189

-26.4

132.2

misc

1.064

4.6

80 cc

DIMETHYLACETAL
534-15-6

colourless liquid; mobile liquid

64.5

-113

90.1

sol

0.85015

3.1

61 mm Hg

p-DIOXANE
123-91-1

colourless liquid

101.0

11.8

88.10

misc

1.0337

3.03

4.1

2.0 ll
22 ul

12

180

ETHYLHEXALDEHYDE
123-05-7

colourless liquid

163

-76

128.22

insol

0.8540

4.4

0.2

@ 93 ºC, ll

50-52

190-210

FORMALDEHYDE
50-00-0

clear, water-white, very slightly acid, gas or liquid.; formaldehyde solution is a clear, colourless or nearly colourless liquid .

-19.5

-92

30.03

sol

0.8

1.08

7.0 ll
73 ul

flammable gas

300

GLUTARALDEHYDE
111-30-8

colourless liquid

187-189

-14

100.13

sol

0.72

3.4

17 mm Hg

GLYCIDALDEHYDE
765-34-4

colourless liquid

112-113

-62

72.1

misc

1.1403

2.58

@t 25 ºC

3-HYDROXYBUTYRALDEHYDE
107-89-1

clear, white to yellow syrupy liquid; colourless thick liquid

83

88.10

misc

1.103

3.00

21 mm Hg

ISOBUTYLALDEHYDE
78-84-2

transparent, colourless liquid

64.5

-65.9

72.10

sol

0.7938

2.48

@ 25 ºC

1.6 ll
10.6 ul

196

METALDEHYDE
108-62-3

110

47

176.21

METHYLAL
109-87-5

colourless, clear liquid

42

-105

76.09

sol

0.8593

2.6

44

1.6 ll
17.6 ul

-18 oc

237

4-MORPHOLINECAR­BOXYALDEHYDE
4394-85-8

236.5

115.13

PARAFORMALDEHYDE
30525-89-4

white crystalline powder; white, amorphous powder

155-170

variable polymer

sl sol

@ 15 ºC (solid)

@ 25 ºC

7.0 ll
73.0 ul

71 cc

300

PARALDEHYDE
123-63-7

colourless, transparent liquid

124

12.6

132.16

sl sol

0.9943

4.5

25.3 mm Hg

1.3 ll
? ul

PROPANAL
123-38-6

colourless liquid

49

-81

58.08

sol

@ 25 ºC

2.0

31.3

2.6 ll
16.1 ul

-30

207

SAFROLE
94-59-7

colourless or pale yellow oil; monoclinic crystals

234.5

11.2

162.18

insol

1.1

@ 63.8 ºC

97

TRIOXANE
110-88-3

crystalline solid; rhombic needles from ether; white

114.5

64

90.08

v sol

@ 65 ºC

45

VALERALDEHYDE
110-62-3

colourless liquid

103

-91.5

86.13

sl sol

0.8095

3.0

@ 25 ºC

 

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Chemical Name

CAS-Number

Physical

Chemical

UN Class/Div /  Subsidiary RisksChemical

ACETAL
105-57-7

3

ACETALDEHYDE
75-07-0

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

The substance can form explosive peroxides in contact with air • The substance may polymerize under the influence of acids, alkaline materials, such as sodium hydroxide, in the presence of trace metals (iron) with fire or explosion hazard • The substance is a strong reducing agent and reacts violently with oxidants • Reacts violently with various organic substances, halogens, sulfuric acid and amines, causing fire and explosion hazard

3

ACROLEIN
107-02-8

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

The substance can form explosive peroxides • The substance may polymerize with fire and explosion hazard • Upon heating, toxic fumes are formed • Reacts with alkalis, acids, amines, sulfur dioxide, thiourea, metal salts and oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard

6.1/ 3

BUTYLALDEHYDE
123-72-8

The vapour is heavier than air, and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

The substance may polymerize due to heating, under the influence of acids or alkalis • On combustion, forms toxic gases • Reacts with oxidants • Reacts violently with strong acids and bases

3

CHLORAL
75-87-6

6.1

CHLOROACETALDEHYDE
107-20-0

The vapour is heavier than air

Upon heating, toxic fumes are formed • Reacts with water to form a hydrate with the evolution of some heat • Reacts with oxidants and acids, causing explosion hazard • The anhydrous substance can polymerize on standing

6.1

o-CHOROBENZALDEHYDE
89-98-5

The substance decomposes on heating, producing toxic and corrosive fumes including hydrogen chloride • Acts with iron, strong bases, strong oxidants, strong reducing agents and moisture

CROTONALDEHYDE
4170-30-3

6.1/ 3

2,2-DIMETHYL-1,3-DIOXOLANE-4-METHANOL
100-79-8

Reacts with oxidants

p-DIOXANE
123-91-1

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible • As a result of flow, agitation, etc, electrostatic charges can be generated

The substance can form explosive peroxides • Reacts vigorously with strong oxidants and concentrated strong acids • Reacts explosively with some catalysts (eg, Raney-nickel above 210 °C) • Attacks many plastics

3

2-ETHYL HEXALDEHYDE
123-05-7

The vapour is heavier than air

The substance can form explosive peroxides on long-lasting contact with oxygen or air • The substance polymerize on contact with sodium hydroxide, ammonia, butyl- and dibutylamine, inorganic acids • Reacts with oxidants

3

FORMALDEHYDE
50-00-0

3/ 8

GLYCIDALDEHYDE
765-34-4

3/ 6.1

GLUTARALDEHYDE
111-30-8

Produces acrid smoke and fumes (carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide)

3-HYDROXYBUTYRALDEHYDE
107-89-1

6.1

ISOBUTYRALDEHYDE
78-84-2

3

METHYLAL
109-87-5

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

The substance can presumably form explosive peroxides • May explode on heating and on burning producing carbon dioxide and/or carbon monoxideReacts vigorously with strong oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard

3

PARAFORMALDEHYDE
30525-89-4

Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form, mixed with air

The substance decomposes on heating producing formaldehyde • Reacts with oxidants • Reacts with strong acids and strong bases producing formaldehyde

4.1

PARALDEHYDE
123-63-7

3

PHENYL CHLOROFORMATE
1885-14-9

6.1/ 8

PROPANAL
123-38-6

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

The substance may polymerize due to heating and under the influence of acids and caustics • On combustion, forms toxic gases (carbon oxides) and combustible gas • Reacts violently with oxidants, acids and bases

3

VALERALDEHYDE
110-62-3

For UN Class: 1.5 = very insensitive substances which have a mass explosion hazard; 2.1 = flammable gas; 2.3 = toxic gas; 3 = flammable liquid; 4.1 = flammable solid; 4.2 = substance liable to spontaneous combustion; 4.3 = substance which in contact with water emits flammable gases; 5.1 = oxidizing substance; 6.1 = toxic; 7 = radioactive; 8 = corrosive substance

 

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Saturday, 06 August 2011 02:40

Aldehydes & Ketals: Health Hazards

Chemical Name

CAS-Number

Short-Term Exposure

Long-Term Exposure

Routes of Exposure and Symptoms

US NIOSH Target Organs & Routes of Entry

US NIOSH Symptoms

ACETALDEHYDE 75-07-0

eyes; skin; GI tract; resp tract; lungs; CNS

skin; lungs; CNS; liver

Inhalation: cough, drowsiness, shortness of breath, unconsciousness, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: redness, burning sensation, pain

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Ingestion: burning sensation, diarrhoea, dizziness, nausea, vomiting

Eyes; skin; resp sys; kidneys; CNS; repro sys (in animals: nasal cancer) Inh, ing, con

Irrit eyes, nose, throat; eye, skin burns; derm; conj; cough; CNS depres; delayed pulm edema; in animals: kidney, repro, terato effects; (carc)

ACROLEIN         107-02-8

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: corrosive, burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing, shortness of breath, sore throat, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: corrosive, redness, serious skin burns, pain, blisters

Eyes: corrosive, redness, pain, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, burning sensation, collapse

Heart; eyes; skin; resp sys Inh, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin, muc memb; decr pulm func; delayed pulm edema; chronic resp disease

BENZALDEHYDE 100-52-7

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin

Inhalation: respiratory paralysis, shortness of breath, burning sensation of eye and nose mucosa, cough, dizziness

Skin: may be adsorbed, redness, loss of sensation contact dermatitis

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: burning sensation, sensation, confusion,dizziness, drowsiness, headache, shortness of breath, unconsciousness, vomiting, convulsions

BUTYLALDEHYDE     123-72-8

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, sore throat

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: burning sensation

CHLORAL HYDRATE     302-17-0

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS; kidneys; liver; CVS

Inhalation: Confusion, drowsiness, nausea, unconsciousness.

Skin: Redness

Eyes: Redness

Ingestion: Abdominal pain, vomiting

o-CHOROBENZALDEHYDE     89-98-5

eyes; skin; liver; kidneys

skin

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, sore throat

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, burning sensation, pain

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, burning sensation

2,2-DIMETHYL-1,3-DIOXOLANE-
4-METHANOL     100-79-8

eyes; CNS

Inhalation: cough, sore throat

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: weakness

p-DIOXANE        123-91-1

eyes; resp tract; CNS; liver; kidneys

skin

Inhalation: headache, nausea, cough, sore throat, abdominal pain, dizziness, drowsiness, vomiting, unconsciousness

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness, irritant, pain

Liver; kidneys; skin; eyes; resp sys (in animals: lung, liver & nasal cavity tumors)Inh, abs, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; drow, head, nau, vomit; liver damage; kidney failure; (carc)

ETHYL HEXALDEHYDE     123-05-7

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, vomiting

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting

FORMALDEHYDE            50-00-0

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin

Inhalation: burning sensation inthe nose and throat, cough, headache, laboured breathing, nausea, shortness of breath

Skin: redness

Eyes: effects will be delayed, redness, pain, blurred vision, severe deep burns

Resp sys; eyes; skin [nasal cancer] Inh, con

Irrit eyes, nose, throat, resp sys; lac; cough; bron spasm; (carc)

GLUTARALDEHYDE     111-30-8

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin; resp tract

Eyes; skin; resp sys Inh, abs, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; derm, sens skin; cough, asthma; nau, vomit

METHYLAL         109-87-5

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin

Inhalation: cough, dizziness, drowsiness, headache, sore throat, unconsciousness

Skin: may be absorbed, dry skin, defats the skin, redness, pain

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS Inh, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin, upper resp sys; anes